The Theory of Scintillation with Applications inRemote Sensing
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In order to truly understand data signals transmitted by satellite, one must understand scintillation theory in addition to well established theories of EM wave propagation and scattering. Scintillation is a nuisance in satellite EM communications, but it has stimulated numerous theoretical developments with science applications. This book not only presents a thorough theoretical explanation of scintillation, but it also offers a complete library of MATLAB codes that will reproduce the book examples. The library includes GPS coordinate manipulations, satellite orbit prediction, and earth mean magnetic field computations.

The subect matter is for EM researchers; however, also theory is relevant to geophysics, acoustics, optics and astoronomy.


CHARLES L. RINO, PhD, is a former vice president of research, staff scientist, and seniorresearch engineer at Vista Research, Inc. His past professional assignments include incoherent scatter radar research, ionosphere beacon satellite research (Wideband, Hilat, and Polar Bear), and propagation and scatter research sponsored by the Defense Nuclear Agency and the Army Research Office. Dr. Rino is an IEEE Fellow and a member of the American Geophysical Union.


1. Introduction.

1.1 Electromagnetic Propagation Theory.

1.2 Anticipating Scintillation Theory.

2. The Forward Propagation Equation.

2.1 Weakly Inhomogeneous Media.

2.2 Numerical Simulations.

3. The Statistical Theory of Scintillation.

3.1 Background.

3.2 Calculation of Field Moments.

3.3 Second-Order Moments.

3.4 Fourth-Order Moments.

3.5 Intensity Statistics.

3.6 Numerical Simulations.

3.7 Statistical Theory Limitations.

4. Beacon Satellite Scintillation.

4.1 Geometric Considerations.

4.2 Phase Structure Revisited.

4.3 Complex Field Coherence Revisited.

4.4 Satellite Orbit & Earth Magnetic Field Calculation.

4.5 Examples.

4.6 Theory and Simulations.

5. System Applications of Scintillation.

5.1 An Introduction to Waveforms.

5.2 Scintillation Channel Model.

5.3 System Performance Analysis.

5.4 Scintillation Data Processing.

5.5 Scintillation Data Interpretation.

5.6 Beacon Satellite Research.

6. Scattering and Boundaries.

6.1 Embedded Compact Scattering Objects.

6.2 Boundary Surfaces.

Appendix A.

A.1 Far-Field Approximation.

A.2 Backscatter.

A.3 Anisotropy Transformations.

A.4 Wavefront Curvature Correction.

A.5 Two-Dimensional Boundary Integrals.