Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers
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More About This Title Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers


For researchers already familiar with biomass conversion technologies and for professionals in other fields, such as agriculture, food, and chemical industries, here is a comprehensive review of the emerging biorefinery industry. The book's content has been conveniently organized according to technologies (biomass feedstock and pretreatment, hydrolytic enzymes in biorefinery, and biofuels), with each chapter highlighting an important biobased industrial product. For undergraduate and graduate students, the book is a thorough introduction to biorefinery technologies.


SHANG-TIAN YANG, PhD, is Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at The Ohio State University as well as Director of the Ohio Bioprocessing Research Consortium. Cofounder of two biotechnology startup companies, Dr. Yang has conducted research in bioprocess engineering, fermentation, biocatalysis, cell and tissue engineering, metabolic engineering, and functional genomics.

HESHAM A. EL-ENSHASY, PhD, is Professor of Bioprocess Engineering and is Assistant Director for Research and Innovation for the Institute of Bioproduct Development (IBD) at Universiti Tecknologi Malaysia. Dr. El-Enshasy is also Professor at City for Scientific Research and Technology Applications, Egypt.

NUTTHA THONGCHUL, PhD, is Assistant Professor at the Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering and Adjunct Professor in the Biotechnology Program at Chulalongkorn University, Thailand.


Preface xvii

Contributors xix

1 Integrated Biorefi nery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals,and Polymers 1

Shang-Tian Yang and Mingrui Yu

2 The Outlook of Sugar and Starch Crops in Biorefinery 27

Klanarong Sriroth and Kuakoon Piyachomkwan

3 Novel and Traditional Oil Crops and Their Biorefinery Potential 47

Johann Vollmann and Margit Laimer

4 Energy Crops 61

Walter Zegada-Lizarazu and Andrea Monti

5 Microalgae as Feedstock for Biofuels and Biochemicals 79

Dong Wei

6 Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass 91

Tae Hyun Kim

7 Amylases: Characteristics, Sources, Production, and Applications 111

Hesham A. El-Enshasy, Yasser R. Abdel Fattah, and Nor Zalina Othman

8 Cellulases: Characteristics, Sources, Production, and Applications 131

Xiao-Zhou Zhang and Yi-Heng Percival Zhang

9 Xylanases: Characteristics, Sources, Production, and Applications 147

Evangelos Topakas, Gianni Panagiotou, and Paul Christakopoulos

10 Lignin-Degrading Enzymes: An Overview 167

Rajni Hatti-Kaul and Victor Ibrahim

11 Advances in Lignocellulosic Bioethanol 193

Reeta Rani Singhania, Parameswaran Binod, and Ashok Pandey

12 Biodiesel Properties and Alternative Feedstocks 205

Bryan R. Moser

13 Biological Production of Butanol and Higher Alcohols 235

Jingbo Zhao, Congcong Lu, Chih-Chin Chen, and Shang-Tian Yang

14 Advancement of Biohydrogen Production and Its Integration with Fuel Cell Technology 263

Jong-Hwan Shin and Tai Hyun Park

15 Biogas Technology 279

Günter Busch

16 Production of Lactic Acid and Polylactic Acid for IndustrialApplications 293

Nuttha Thongchul

17 Production of Succinic Acid from Renewable Resources 317

Jongho Yi, Sol Choi, Min-Sun Han, Jeong Wook Lee, and Sang Yup Lee

18 Propionic Acid Fermentation 331

Zhongqiang Wang, Jianxin Sun, An Zhang, and Shang-Tian Yang

19 Anaerobic Fermentations for the Production of Acetic and ButyricAcids 351

Shang-Tian Yang, Mingrui Yu, Wei-Lun Chang, and I-Ching Tang

20 Production of Citric, Itaconic, Fumaric, and Malic Acids in FilamentousFungal Fermentations 375

Kun Zhang, Baohua Zhang, and Shang-Tian Yang

21 Biotechnological Development for the Production of 1,3-Propanedioland 2,3-Butanediol 399

Youngsoon Um and Kyung-Duk Kim

22 Production of Polyhydroxyalkanoates in Biomass Refining 415

Jian Yu

23 Microbial Production of Poly-γ-Glutamic Acid 427

Zhinan Xu, Huili Zhang, Hao Chen, Feng Shi, Jin Huang, Shufang Wang, and Cunjiang Song

24 Refining Food Processing By-Products for Value-Added FunctionalIngredients 441

Kequan Zhou, Yuting Zhou, and Y. Martin Lo

About the Editors 449

Index 451