The Architect's Guide to Preventing Water Infiltration
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The Complete Guide to Preventing Architectural Water Infiltration Issues

This insightful guide illustrates how to fortify buildings to withstand the onslaught of nature, primarily against wind and rain, with a back-to-basics look at water infiltration prevention techniques. This guide for architects and builders:

Includes an overview of general guidelines as well as coverage of applications such as those used in below-grade conditions, sealants, and membranes

Covers massing, orientation, seismic issues, wind loads, and discussion of building systems

Examines the key factors causing water infiltration in buildings: exposure, thermal loads, structural movement, and building configuration

With solid advice from experts in the field, The Architect's Guide to Preventing Water Infiltration shows how innovations in today's construction techniques simply won't hold water if they don't follow the fundamental ground rules necessary to keep water out.


Elmer E. Botsai, ArchD, FAIA, an architect with more than four decades of experience as a recognized expert in building diagnostics, is the author of two books and served as the 1978 national president of The American Institute of Architects.

Charles Y. Kaneshiro, AIA, LEED-AP, is principal with Group 70 International in Honolulu, where he specializes in the design of educational and institutional facilities.

Phil T. Cuccia, CSI, CDT, is a specification writer with more than twenty years of architectural experience in preparing specifications and construction documents.

Hiram C. Pajo, AIA, who has three decades of experience as an architect, instructor, and quality control manager, has focused his career on the technical aspects of building design.



Authors’ Biographies.



Chapter 1 Requirements of Buildings throughout History.

Past Solutions for Shelter and Controlling Water Infiltration.

Today’s Building Concerns.

Sustainable and Green Architecture.

Chapter 2 Fundamental Aspects of Water Infiltration–Resistant Design.

Basic Cause of Water Infiltration.

Climate Considerations.

Site Considerations.

Wind Exposure.

Thermal Loads.

Structural Movement.

Building Configuration.

Mechanical Systems.

Chapter 3 Performance Criteria and Priorities.

Performance and Priorities.

Performance Criteria.

Thermal Loads.

Structural Movement.

Chapter 4 Theory of Water Infiltration.

Sources of Pressure Differential.

How Does Pressure Differential Work?

Chapter 5 Theory of Pressure Differential Plane.

Importance of Location and Conformity of Pressure Differential Plane.

Ramification of Location Relative to Roofing.

Ramification of Location Relative to Exterior Walls.

Chapter 6 Applications of Horizontal Asphalt Membranes.

Roofs and Decks.




Chapter 7 Plastic Membranes.


Chapter 8 Below-Grade Conditions.

Membrane Systems.

Negative Side Waterproofing.

Chapter 9 Exterior Walls Systems.

Portland Cement Plaster.

Exterior Insulation Finish Systems (EIFS).

Masonry Walls.

Metal Wall Systems.

Chapter 10 Metal and Glass Curtain Walls.

Metal and Glass Curtain Wall Systems.

Fastenings and Joinery of Metal and Glass Curtain Wall Systems.

Anchoring Curtain Wall to Structure.

The Structural Integrity of the Wall System Itself.



Glazing Conditions.

Chapter 11 Sealants and Gaskets.



Butyl Tapes.

Chapter 12 Testing.

The Mock-Up.

Thermal Expansion Test.

Seismic Movement Testing.

Air and Water Infiltration Tests.

Chapter 13 Installation.

Chapter 14 Conclusion and Summary.



Appendix A: Unit Conversions.

Appendix B: Roofing Comparisons.

Appendix C: Sealant Classifications.

Appendix D: Industry References.