Grendon and the Emergence of Forensic TherapeuticCommunities - Developments in Research andPractice
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More About This Title Grendon and the Emergence of Forensic TherapeuticCommunities - Developments in Research andPractice


This unique collection of research and practice papers highlight HMP Grendon’s groundbreaking and sustained contribution to our understanding of the role therapeutic communities have in effective interventions with offenders.
  • Reveals the history and research behind HMP Grendon, one of the first prisons to develop therapeutic communities
  • Combines a mixture of quantitative and qualitative research papers, coupled with historical, theoretical and practice commentary
  • Features quantitative research based on unusually complete and extensive records, collected over an extended period and stored in Grendon’s database
  • Provides an international perspective with prominent figures from America and Holland


Richard Shuker is a Chartered Forensic Psychologist and Head of Psychology and Research at HMP Grendon. He is series editor for the book series Issues in Forensic Psychology and has publications in the areas of therapeutic communities, risk assessment, and treatment readiness and outcome.

Elizabeth Sullivan is currently Senior Lecturer in Social Work at the University of Bedfordshire and a Non-Executive Director on the Board of Bedfordshire and Luton NHS Partnership Mental Health Trust. Dr Sullivan was a Senior Research Officer at HMP Grendon between 2004 and 2007, during which time she expanded the qualitative research agenda.


About the Editors.

Contributing Authors.



Part I: Developments in Therapeutic Communities.

Introduction (Peter Bennett).

1. Introducing Forensic Democratic Therapeutic Communities (Alisa Stevens).

2. Dovegate Therapeutic Community: Bid, Birth, Growth and Survival (Eric Cullen and Alan Miller).

3. The Van der Hoeven Clinic: a Flexible and Innovative Forensic Psychiatric Hospital Based on Therapeutic Community Principles (Judith de Boer-van Schaik and Frans Derks).

4. A Therapeutic Distinction with a Difference: Comparing American Concept-Based Therapeutic Communities and British Democratic Therapeutic Community Treatment for Prison Inmates (Douglas S. Lipton).

5. Towards a Social Analytical Therapy (John Shine).

 Part II: Practice.

6. Putting Principles into Practice: The Therapeutic Community Regime at HMP Grendon and its Relationship with the ‘Good Lives' Model (Michael Brookes).

7. Personality Disorder: Using Therapeutic Communities as an Integrative Approach to Address Risk (Richard Shuker).

8. Psychodrama as Part of Core Therapy at HMP Grendon (Jinnie Jefferies).

9. Self and Social Function: Art Therapy and Readiness for Treatment in a Therapeutic Community Prison (Bill Wylie).

10. Undertaking Therapy at HMP Grendon with Men Who Have Committed Sexual Offences (Geraldine Akerman).

Part III: Research and Outcomes.

11. Reflections on Grendon: Interviews with Men Who Are About to Leave (Elizabeth Sullivan).

12. ‘This can't be real': Continuity at HMP Grendon (Lorna A. Rhodes).

13. The Experience of Officers in a Therapeutic Prison: an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (James McManus).

14. Emotional Influence and Empathy in Prison-Based Therapeutic Communities (Karen Niven, David Holman and Peter Totterdell).

15. The Quality of Life of Prisoners and Staff at HMP Grendon (Guy Shefer).

16. Suicide and Self-injurious Behaviours at HMP Grendon (Adrienne Rivlin).

17. Changes in Prison Offending Among Residents of a Prison-Based Therapeutic Community (Margaret Newton).

18. Changes in Interpersonal Relating Following Therapeutic Community Treatment at HMP Grendon (Richard Shuker and Michelle Newberry).

19. The Experiences of Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) Prisoners in a Therapeutic Community Prison (Michelle Newberry).

20. Research in Prison (Martin J. Fisher, Carol Ireland and Elizabeth Sullivan).



‘Shuker and Sullivan are to be congratulated for editing this wonderful collection of papers, not only in the year that HMP Grendon celebrates its 50th birthday, but also at a time when our prison population seems to be moving inexorably towards 100,000. This book should remind us all that positive work can be done with even the most serious offenders, and that the therapeutic community model remains the only ray of hope for those who are serious about prison reform.’
Professor David Wilson, Birmingham City University, UK

‘Grendon is a worldwide beacon of enlightened prison practice that shows a real alternative to “making bad people worse”. This book offers valuable help for those wanting to understand “the Grendon phenomenon”, and learn about it from several different, evidence-based viewpoints. It should provide inspiration and ideas for anybody working in a custodial setting.’
Dr Rex Haigh, National Personality Disorder Programme, Department of Health, UK