Understanding Criminal Investigation
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This comprehensive volume deciphers investigative process and practice, providing an authoritative insight into key debates and contemporary issues in crime investigations
  • Provides critical examination of investigative practice by focusing on the key issues and debates underpinned by academic literature on crime investigation
  • Outlines the theoretical explanations that provide an understanding of crime investigation and the context in which investigators operate
  • Illustrates the practical relevance of theoretical contributions to crime investigation
  • Places clear emphasis on the multi-disciplinary nature of crime investigation


Stephen Tong is Principal Lecturer in Policing at Canterbury Christchurch University. He is currently engaged in developing new and established police programmes and conducting research involving direct mediation in prison. He is also a member of the Higher Education Forum for Learning and Development in Policing.

Robin P. Bryant is Director of Criminal Justice Practice in the Department of Law and Criminal Justice Studies at Canterbury Christchurch University. He has published widely on policing, particularly on the use of intelligence in criminal investigation, and has also advised various police enquiries.

Miranda A. H. Horvath is Senior Lecturer in Forensic Psychology at Forensic Psychological Services, Middlesex University.  Her research focuses on sexual violence from an applied social psychological perspective.


List of Figures and Tables vii

List of Abbreviations ix

About the Authors xi

Series Preface xiii

Preface xvii

Acknowledgements xix

1 Introduction: A Brief History of Crime Investigation 1
Stephen Tong

2 Theories of Criminal Investigation 13
Robin P. Bryant

3 Forms of Reasoning and the Analysis of Intelligence in Criminal Investigation 35
Robin P. Bryant

4 Offender Profiling 69
Miranda A. H. Horvath

5 Eyewitness Evidence 93
Miranda A. H. Horvath

6 Investigative Interviewing 115
Lynsey Gozna and Miranda A. H. Horvath

7 Assessing Performance: Quantity or Quality? 135
Stephen Tong

8 Criminal Investigation in Context 171
Stephen Tong, Robin P. Bryant and Miranda A. H. Horvath

9 Professionalising Investigation 197
Stephen Tong

10 Conclusion: Future Challenges in Criminal Investigation 217
Stephen Tong, Robin P. Bryant and Miranda A. H. Horvath

References 223

Index 253


""This book will therefore be of very real interest to a wide range of uniformed services, most especially the police. The book is also very helpfully designed so that it lends itself for use as a practical teaching guide . . . The use of chapter summaries, review questions, suggested further reading, and useful websites are also very helpful in getting to grips with the subject." (A Journal of Policy and Practice, 12 July 2011)

"The book would be very useful to students in subjects such as criminology or forensic psychology, giving them an insight into the complex and challenging issues faced by contemporary law enforcement professionals". (Jane's Police Review, 10 December 2010)