Climate Change Adaptation in Practice - FromStrategy Development to Implementation
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More About This Title Climate Change Adaptation in Practice - FromStrategy Development to Implementation


Climate change adaptation is increasingly recognized as complementary part to climate change mitigation.  Climate change affects sea level, the extent of flood prone areas and precipitation patterns among many others. To adapt to these changes, the tasks of municipalities and cities are to implement policies and strategies for changes in land use and coastal management as part of their future development.  It is of vital importance to address the uncertainties of climate change scenarios when proposing adaptation measures that are socially viable and economically reasonable.  The decision making process, promoted here, is based on scientific excellence as well on an integrated communication process.

This book provides a comprehensive overview of key elements required for effective analysis and assessment of climate change impacts, economic cost-benefit analysis, communication processes and creation and transfer of knowledge, governance issues and implementation of related policies. It describes the results achieved by the BaltCICA ( project whose contributors come from the scientific and public administration communities. The regional cooperation has led to the implementation of climate change adaptation in several case studies. The BaltCICA project developed concepts, methodologies and tools for climate change adaptation that can be translated across other global regions. 

Scientists and students working on the development of climate change and adaptation strategies;  public administrators in the related fields on local, regional and state level including environment, water management, civil defense; as well as professionals working with adaptation technologies, including engineering, technological solutions, urban planning agencies and construction, will value this innovative book. 


Philipp Schmidt-Thomé, Geological Survey of Finland

Johannes Klein
, Aalto University, Finland


List of Contributors vii

About the Editors xi

1 Communicating Climate Change Adaptation: From Strategy Development to Implementation 1
Philipp Schmidt-Thomé, Johannes Klein, Anika Nockert, Larissa Donges, and Inga Haller

2 Participatory Climate Change Adaptation in Kalundborg, Denmark 11
B. Bedsted and S. Gram

3 Adaptation to Sea Level Rise: Calculating Costs and Benefits for the Case Study Kalundborg, Denmark 25
Markus Boettle, Diego Rybski, and Jürgen P. Kropp

4 Coastal Protection and Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis: Didactically Processed Examples 35
Markus Boettle, Philipp Schmidt-Thomé, and Diego Rybski

5 Preparing for Climate Change: Planning Adaptation to Climate change in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area, Finland 51
Ruusu Tuusa, Susanna Kankaanpää, Jari Viinanen, Tiia Yrjölä, and Sirkku Juhola

6 Adaptation to Floods in Riga, Latvia: Historical Experience and Change of Approaches 65
Laila Kûle, Agrita Briede, Mâris Kᶅaviᶇš, Guntis Eberhards, and Andris Locmanis

7 Climate Adaptation in Metropolis Hamburg: Paradigm Shift in Urban Planning and Water Management towards ‘Living with Water’? 83
Joerg Knieling and Mareike Fellmer

8 Climate Change Adaptation Policy in Bergen: Ideals and Realities 95
O. Langeland, J.E. Klausen, and M. Winsvold

9 Adaptation to Climate Change in the Smeltalë River Basin, Lithuania 111
Egidijus Rimkus, Justas Kaþys, Edvinas Stonevièius, and Gintaras Valiuškevièius

10 The Geological Structure of Pyynikinharju Esker and the Local Effects of Climate Change 123
Jussi Ahonen, Tuire Valjus, and Ulla Tiilikainen

11 Climate Change and Groundwater: Impacts and Adaptation in Shallow Coastal Aquifer in Hanko, South Finland 137
Samrit Luoma, Johannes Klien, and Birgitta Backman

12 Climate Change and Groundwater – From Modelling to some Adaptation Means in Example of Klaipëda Region, Lithuania 157
Jurga Arustienë, Jurgita Kriukaitë, Jonas Satkûnas, and Marius Gregorauskas

13 Climate Change – A New Opportunity for Mussel Farming in the Southern Baltic? 171
Anna-Marie Klamt and Gerald Schernewski

14 Impacts of Sea Level change to the West Estonian Coastal Zone towards the End of the 21st Century 185
Valter Petersell, Sten Suuroja, Tarmo All, and Mihkel Shtokalenko

15 Geodynamical Conditions of the Karklë Beach (Lithuania) and Adaptation to Sea Level Change 205
Jonas Satkûnas, Darius Jarmalavièius, Aldona Damušyte, and Gintautas Þilinskas

16 Consequences of Climate Change and Environmental Policy for Macroalgae Accumulations on Beaches along the German Baltic Coastline 215
Matthias Mossbauer, Sven Dahlke, René Friedland, and Gerald Schernewski

17 Climate Change Impacts on Baltic Coastal Tourism and the Complexity of Sectoral Adaptation 225
Christian Filies and Susanne Schumacher

18 Tourists’ Perception of Coastal Changes – A Contribution to the Assessment of Regional Adaptation Strategies? 239
Larissa Donges, Inga Haller, and Gerald Schernewski

19 Experiences in Adapting to Climate Change and Climate Risks in Spain 253
Jorge Olcina Cantos

20 Developing Adaptation Policies in the Agriculture Sector: Indonesia’s Experience 269
Daisuke Sano, S.V.R.K. Prabhakar, Kiki Kartikasari, and Doddy Juli Irawan

21 ‘Climate Refugee’ Is Not a Hoax. But We can Avoid it. Empirical Evidence from the Bangladesh Coast 283
M. Mustafa Saroar and Jayant K. Routray

22 Promoting Risk Insurance in the Asia-Pacific Region: Lessons from the Ground for the Future Climate Regime under UNFCCC 303
S.V.R.K. Prabhakar, Gattineni Srinivasa Rao, Koji Fukuda, and Shinano Hayashi

Index 325


“A wide array of researchers, urban planners, students in environmental sciences, and policy makers should take significant advantage of the facts driven approach of this book.”  (Environ Dev Sustain, 1 October 2014)

“The authors of this volume show us the tremendous possibilities of constructing a socioenvironmental approach to climate change adaptation in the Baltic. Perhaps, a future volume would take even further the very important insights gained here.”  (Nat Hazards, 1 October 2014)

“Overall, a rather fascinating read . . . I enjoyed it.”  (Soil Use and Management, 1 December 2013

“A wide array of researchers, urban planners, students in environmental sciences, and policy makers will take significant advantage of the facts driven approach of this book.”  (Latin American J. Management for Sustainable Development, 1March 2014)

“This is an excellent book of which the main weakness is the lack of a concluding, summarizing overview which compares the adaptation trends in North-Western Europe with these of other, relevant areas worldwide.”  (International Journal of Environment & Pollution, 1 May 2013)