Essential Clinical Global Health
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Essential Clinical Global Health is a brand-new, pioneering, and evidence-based textbook that provides a clinical overview of the increasingly prominent specialty of global health. Originally developed from a course at Harvard Medical School, and now with contributions from nearly 100 world-renowned global health experts from across the globe, this textbook presents vital information required of students, trainees, and clinicians during their international experiences and training.

Essential Clinical Global Health introduces readers to the up-to-date knowledge, skills, and approaches needed for productive and rewarding global health experiences. It provides essential clinical information on the diagnosis, management, and prevention of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries. The textbook also includes practical guidance on topics such as health systems, population-based approaches, cultural awareness and sensitivity, travel preparedness and safety, and career development in global health.

With key learning objectives in each chapter, practical clinical advice, setting-appropriate guidelines, personal field experiences from student and clinician contributors, Essential Clinical Global Health is the first global health textbook with a clinical focus for healthcare students, trainees, and providers.

A companion website at features self-assessment questions and videos.


Brett D. Nelson, MD, MPH, DTM&H, is Director of Pediatric and Newborn Programs, Division of Global Health and Human Rights, Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Global Health, Department of Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital
Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA


Editor and Editorial Board vii

Contributors viii

About the Editor xv

Preface xvii

How to Use Your Textbook xviii

About the Companion Website xxi

Acknowledgments xxii

Part 1: Introduction 1

1 Working Clinically in Resource-Limited Settings 3

2 Healthcare Systems 17

3 Health Program Development and Evaluation 28

4 Preparing for Travel and Staying Safe Abroad 40

Part 2: Newborn and Child Health 53

5 Overview of Child Health 55

6 Newborn Care 68

7 Birth Asphyxia 86

8 Acute Respiratory Infections 94

9 Diarrheal Illness and Rehydration 104

10 Malaria 114

11 Measles 126

12 Malnutrition and Micronutrient Deficiencies 135

13 Child Development 144

Part 3: Adolescent, Reproductive, and Maternal Health 157

14 Adolescent Health 159

15 Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights 171

16 Sexually Transmitted Infections 193

17 Maternal Health 208

Part 4: Infectious Diseases 225

18 HIV/AIDS 227

19 Tuberculosis 242

20 Neglected and Other Tropical Diseases 251

Part 5: Non-Communicable Diseases 273

21 Cardiovascular Disease 275

22 Chronic Respiratory Disease 293

23 Diabetes and Endocrinology 302

24 Cancer and Blood Disorders 314

25 Trauma and Emergency Care 328

26 Critical Care 340

27 Mental Health and Neurological Disorders 352

28 Dermatology 367

29 Oral Health 378

30 Blindness and Visual Impairment 389

Part 6: Other Global Health Topics 399

31 Essential Laboratory Skills 401

32 Nursing Care 419

33 Pharmacy 427

34 Humanitarian Assistance 437

35 Technologies in Global Health 452

36 Illness in the Returning Traveler 461

37 Developing a Career in Global Health 475

Index 486