Reflexive Governance for Research and Innovative Knowledge
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More About This Title Reflexive Governance for Research and Innovative Knowledge


The governance theories that have developed over the past twenty years offer a new framework to consider and examine the collective conditions of a "Responsible Research and Innovation – RRI" linked up with the policy challenges of a society in transition in all its modes of regulation. This book will recall the genesis of the reflexive point of view in the context of the development of the theory of governance. It will then develop the strengths of the model and finally, will show the fruitfulness of its application to the field of the RRI.


Marc Maesschalck, Professeur titulaire Université Catholique de Louvain, France.


Foreword  ix

Introduction  xv

Chapter 1. RRI and Governance Theory 1

1.1. Definition of a minimum concept of governance 1

1.2. RRI and governance theory 6

1.2.1. The transition toward questions of governance in RRI policy  7

1.2.2. Introduction of explicit reflection on governance theory  10

1.2.3. Contributions of the GREAT project 14

1.2.4. Reasons for the delayed shift  17

1.3. The case of neighboring fields  21

1.4. Lessons to be learned 24

1.5. Changing perspective 28

Chapter 2. The Origins of Governance Theory  31

2.1. Old and new governance: a first shift 36

2.2. The neo-institutionalist hypothesis 40

2.3. The nodal governance approach 44

2.4. The move toward democratic experimentalism  49

2.5. Institutionalist change and reflexivity in governance theories 55

Chapter 3. Exploring Reflexive Governance Theory 57

3.1. Reflexivity and the academic third party 62

3.2. Reflexivity and the imaginary third party 67

3.3. Reflexivity and the real third party 69

3.4. The increase in references to reflexivity  72

3.5. Reasons why this use of reflexivity is unsatisfactory 76

3.6. What remains out of scope  79

Chapter 4. Key Strengths of a Reflexive Theory of Governance 85

4.1. Attention as “thematization” 86

4.2. Reflexivity in governance  91

4.3. Deconstructing governance narratives 94

4.4. Examples of post hoc thematization of relational decentering  98

4.5. Shortcomings of thematization 105

4.6. The five stages of reflexive governance in identity processes 109

Chapter 5. Promoting Reflexive Governance of RRI 117

5.1. Co-constructing problems  122

5.2. Transformation of relational structures and negotiability of roles 125

5.3. Iterating identities 128

5.4. RRIs pathway for reflexive governance  132

5.5. Operationalizing reflexive governance of RRI  137

Chapter 6. Intellectual Intervention in Society: The Key to Reflexive Governance of RRI 145

6.1. The destiny of rationality in the construction of common interest 148

6.2. The fragmentation of knowledge  156

6.3. Contradiction and pluralization of real interests 161

6.4. From intellectual intervention to the community of destiny 165

6.5. The possible role of political philosophy 170

6.6. Long and short cycles of RRI governance 172

6.7. A new model for the institution of knowledge? 175

Conclusion 179

Bibliography  185

Index 197