BIM Handbook: A Guide to Building Information Modeling for Owners, Managers, Designers, Engineers and Contractors
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More About This Title BIM Handbook: A Guide to Building Information Modeling for Owners, Managers, Designers, Engineers and Contractors


Chuck Eastman is a Professor in the Colleges of Architecture and Computing at Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, and Director of the College of Architecture PhD Program, where he leads research in IT in building design and construction. He has been active in building modeling research since the 1970s and has worked with a variety of industry groups developing BIM technology.

Paul Teicholz, Professor Emeritus at Stanford University, founded the Center for Integrated Facility Engineering (CIFE) at Stanford University in 1988 and directed that program for 10 years. He was named the Construction Management "Man of the Year" by the American Society of Civil Engineers in 1985 and awarded the Henry C. Turner Prize for Innovation in Construction Technology by the National Building Museum in 2006.

Rafael Sacks, an Associate Professor in Structural Engineering and Construction Management at Technion–Israel Institute of Technology, founded and leads the BIM Laboratory at the Israel National Building Research Institute. He has conducted primary and applied BIM research for industry, government, and public organizations in North America, Europe, and Israel.

Kathleen Liston, a technology con-sultant and PhD candidate at Stanford University, co-founded Common Point technologies, a construction simulation software company. She has held positions at Autodesk, and worked on projects dev-eloping technologies and processes to implement 3D/4D/BIM with a variety of organizations including Walt Disney, Mort-enson, URS, and Parsons-Brinckerhoff.




1.1 Introduction.

1.2 The Current AEC Business Model.

1.3 Documented Inefficiencies of Traditional Approaches.

1.4 BIM: New Tools and New Processes.

1.5 What Is Not BIM Technology.

1.6 What Are the Benefits of BIM, What Problems Does It Address?.

1.7 What Challenges Can Be Expected?.

1.8 Future of Designing and Building with BIM (Chapter 8).

1.9 Case Studies (Chapter 9).


2.0 Executive Summary.

2.1 History of BIM Technology.

2.2 Varied Capabilities of Parametric Modelers.

2.3 Overview of the Major BIM model generating systems.

2.4 Conclusion.


3.0 Executive Summary.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Different Kinds of Exchange Formats.

3.3 Background of Product Data Models.

3.3.1 IFC Relation to STEP.

3.3.2 Organization of IAI.

3.3.3 What Are the IFCs?.

3.3.4 IFC Coverage.

3.3.5 IFC in Use.

3.3.6 Implications of IFC Use.

3.3.7 The Future of IFC.

3.4 XML Schemas.

3.5 Portable, Web-Based Formats: DWF and PDF.

3.6 File Exchange Versus Building Model Repositories.

3.7 Summary.


4.0 Executive Summary.

4.1 Introduction: Why Should Owners Care About BIM?.

4.2 BIM Application Areas for Owners.

4.2.1 Cost Reliability and Management.

4.2.2 Time to Market: Schedule Management.

4.2.3 Complexity of Building Infrastructure and Building Environment.

4.2.4 Sustainability.

4.2.5 Overcoming Labor Shortage, Education, and Language Barriers.

4.2.6 Design Assessment.

4.2.7 Facility and Information Asset Management.

4.3 Types of Owners: Why, How Often, and Where They Build.

4.3.1 The BIM Business Case.

4.3.2 Operating Owners vs. Developer Owners.

4.3.3 When Owners Build: One-Time or Serial.

4.4 How Owners Build.

4.4.1 Single Stage, Traditional, or Design-Bid-Build.

4.4.2 Design-Build.

4.4.3 Collaborative Process.

4.4.4 Internal or External Modeling.

4.5 BIM Tool Guide for Owners.

4.5.1 BIM Estimating Tools.

4.5.2 Model Validation, Program, and Code Compliance.

4.5.3 Project Communication and Model Review Tools.

4.5.4 Model Viewing and Review.

4.5.5 Model Servers.

4.5.6 Facility and Asset Management Tools.

4.5.7 Operation Simulation Tools.

4.6 An Owner and Facility Manager's Building Model.

4.7 Leading the BIM Implementation on a Project.

4.7.1 Build Internal Leadership and Knowledge.

4.7.2 Service Provider Selection.

4.7.3 Build and Educate a Qualified Network of BIM Service Providers.

4.7.4 Change Deliverable Requirements: Modify Contracts and Contract Language.

4.8 Barriers to Implementing BIM: Risks and Common Myths.

4.8.1 Process Barriers.

4.8.2 Technology Risks and Barriers.

4.9 Guidelines and Issues for Owners to Consider When Adopting BIM.


5.0 Executive Summary.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Scope of Design Services.

5.2.1 The Concept of Information Development.

5.2.2 Technical Collaborations.

5.3 BIM Use in Design Processes.

5.3.1 Concept Design and Preliminary Analyses.

5.3.2 Building System Design and Analysis/Simulation.

5.3.3 Construction-Level Building Models.

5.3.4 Design-Construction Integration.

5.3.5 Design Review.

5.4 Building Element Models and Libraries.

5.4.1 Object Libraries.

5.4.2 Portals.

5.4.3 Desktop/LAN Libraries.

5.4 Considerations in Adoption for Design Practice.

5.5.1 BIM Justification.

5.5.2 Training and Deployment.

5.5.3 Phased Utilization.

5.6 New and Changed Staffing within Design Firms.

5.7 New Contractual Opportunities in Design.


6.0 Executive Summary.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Types of Construction Firms.

6.3 Information Contractors Want from BIM.

6.4 Processes to Develop a Contractor Building Information Model.

6.5 Reduction of Design Errors Using Clash Detection.

6.6 Quantity Takeoff and Cost Estimating.

6.6.1 Export Quantities to Estimating Software.

6.6.2 Directly Link Bim Components to Estimating Software.

6.6.3 Quantity Takeoff Tool.

6.6.4 Guidelines and BIM Implementation Issues to Support Quantity Takeoff and Estimating.

6.7 Construction Analysis and Planning.

6.7.1 4D models to support construction planning.

6.7.2 Benefits of 4D Models.

6.7.3 4D Modeling Processes.

6.7.4 BIM-Supported Planning and Scheduling Issues and Guidelines.

6.8 Integration with Cost and Schedule Control and Other Management Functions.

6.9 Use for Offsite Fabrication.

6.10 Use of BIM Onsite: Verification, Guidance, and Tracking of Construction Activities.

6.11 Implications for Contract and Organizational Changes.

6.12 BIM Implementation.


7.0 Executive Summary.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Types of Subcontractors and Fabricators.

7.2.1 Engineered-To-Order (ETO) Component Producers.

7.2.2 Design Service Providers.

7.2.3 Specialist Coordinators.

7.3 The Benefits of a BIM Process for Subcontractor Fabricators.

7.3.1 Marketing and Tendering.

7.3.2 Reduced Production Cycle-Times.

7.3.3 Reduced Design Coordination Errors.

7.3.4 Lower Engineering and Detailing Costs.

7.3.5 Increased Use of Automated Manufacturing Technologies.

7.3.6 Increased Pre-Assembly and Prefabrication.

7.3.7 Quality Control, Supply Chain Management, and Life-Cycle Maintenance.

7.4 BIM-Enabled Process Change.

7.4.1 Leaner Construction.

7.4.2 Less Paper in Construction.

7.4.3 Increased Distribution of Work.

7.5 Generic BIM System Requirements for Fabricators.

7.5.1 Parametric and Customizable Parts and Relationships.

7.5.2 Reporting Components for Fabrication.

7.5.3 Interface to Management Information Systems.

7.5.4 Interoperability.

7.5.5 Information Visualization.

7.5.6 Automation of Fabrication Tasks.

7.6 Major Classes of Fabricators and Their Specific Needs.

7.6.1 Structural Steel.

7.6.2 Precast Concrete.

7.6.3 Cast-In-Place (CIP) Reinforced Concrete.

7.6.4 Curtain Walls and Fenestration.

7.6.5 Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing (MEP).

7.7 Adopting BIM in a Fabrication Operation.

7.7.1 Setting Appropriate Goals.

7.7.2 Adoption Activities.

7.7.3 Planning the Pace of Change.

7.7.4 Human Resource Considerations.

7.8 Conclusions.


8.0 Executive Summary.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 The Development of BIM Up To 2007.

8.3 Current Trends.

8.4 Vision 2012.

8.4.1 Impact on the Design Professions: Shifting Services and Roles.

8.4.2 Impact On Owners: Better Options, Better Reliability.

8.4.3 Impact on Construction Companies: BIM at the Construction Site.

8.4.4 Impact on Construction Contracting: Closer Collaborations Among Designers and Contractors.

8.4.5 Impact on Construction Education: Integrated Education.

8.4.6 Impact on Statutory Authorities: Planting the Seeds of Online Access and Review.

8.4.7 Impact on Project Documentation: On-Demand Drawings.

8.4.8 Impact on BIM Tools: More Integration, More Specialization, More Information.

8.4.9 Impact on Research: Model Analysis, Simulation, and Work Processes.

8.4.10 Vision 2012: The Limitations.

8.5 Drivers of Change and BIM Impacts up to 2020.

8.5.1 Economic, Technological, and Societal Drivers.

8.5.2 Obstacles to Change.

8.5.3 Development of BIM Tools.

8.5.4 Role of Drawings.

8.5.5 Design Professions: Providing New Services.

8.5.6 Integrated Design/Build Services and Agreements.

8.5.7 Building Product Manufacturers: Intelligent Product Specs.

8.5.8 Construction Regulation: Automated Code-Checking.

8.5.9 Lean Construction and BIM.

8.5.10 Construction Companies: Information Integration.

8.5.11 BIM Skills and Employment: New Roles.


9.1 Flint Global V6 Engine Plant Expansion.

9.1.1 The Project.

9.1.2 The Project Team.

9.1.3 The Design Process.

9.1.4 The Construction Process.

9.1.5 The Operation.

9.1.6 Conclusion.

Case Study 9.2: United States Coast Guard BIM Implementation.

9.2.1 Introduction.

9.2.2 BIM for Facility Assessment and Planning.

9.2.3 BIM for Scenario Planning.

9.2.4 OCCSU System.

9.2.5 Conclusion.

9.3 Camino Medical Group Mountain View Medical Office Building Complex.

9.3.1 Description of Project.

9.3.2 General Description of Project Management Techniques.

9.3.3 General Contractor (GC).

9.3.4 Owner.

9.3.5 General Contractor (GC).

9.3.6 Architect.

9.3.7 Electrical Subcontractor.

9.3.8 Lessons Learned.

9.3.9 Conclusion.

9.4 Beijing National Aquatics Center.

9.4.1 Introduction.

9.4.2 Structural Concept.

9.4.3 BIM in Design and Construction.

9.4.4 Lessons Learned.

9.4.5 Conclusion.

9.5: San Francisco Federal Building.

9.5.1 Introduction.

9.5.2 Description of Building Program.

9.5.3 Participants.

9.5.4 Fresh Air and Natural Ventilation.

9.5.5 Uses of BIM Tools.

9.5.6 Use of Building Modeling Tools for Architectural Development.

9.5.7 How the Design Was Affected by Natural Ventilation.

9.5.8 Conclusion.

9.6 100 11th Avenue, New York City.

9.6.1 Introduction.

9.6.2 BIM Process: Innovation and Challenges.

9.6.3 Information Exchange and Interoperability.

9.6.4 Lessons Learned.

9.6.5 Conclusion.

9.7 Case Study of One Island East Project.

9.7.1 Introduction.

9.7.2 Pre-Tender Stage BIM Implementation Process.

9.7.3 Post-Tender Stage BIM Implementation Process.

9.7.4 Conclusion.

9.8 Penn National Parking Structure.

9.8.1 Introduction.

9.8.2 Conceptual Design.

9.8.3 Design Development and Analysis.

9.8.4 Detailing for Fabrication.

9.8.5 Conclusion.

9.9 Hillwood Commercial Project.

9.9.1 Description of Project.

9.9.2 Description of Conceptual Estimating Process.

9.9.3 Overview of BIM Technology to Support Conceptual Estimating.

9.9.4 Overview of the BIM Estimating Process.

9.9.5 Design Alternatives That Were Evaluated.

9.9.7 Benefits Realized.

9.9.8 Conclusion.

9.10 U.S. Courthouse, Jackson, Mississippi.

9.10. 1 H3 Hardy Collaboration Architecture LLC and the Jackson Mississippi Courthouse.

9.10.2 Virtual Reality Use in Courtroom Design.

9.10.3 Exploratory Application of the GSA BIM Program.

9.10.4 BIM Design Integration.

9.10.5 Integrating Cost Estimation with BIM.

9.10.6 Design Guide Validation.

9.10.7 Conclusion.





"The BIM Handbook bills itself as a "guide", but it is also a history−a compendium of case studies, a detailed look at the underlying software and other technology, and a forward−looking analysis of how BIM will exert increasing influence on the way buildings are designed, constructed, and operated." (Civil Engineering, July 2008)