Big Typescript - TS 213 German English Scholars'Edition
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Long awaited by the scholarly community, Wittgenstein's so-called Big Typescript (von Wright Catalog # TS 213) is presented here in an en face English–German scholar’s edition.

  • Presents scholar’s edition of important material from 1933, Wittgenstein’s first efforts to set out his new thoughts after the publication of the Tractatus Logico Philosophicus
  • Includes indications to help the reader identify Wittgenstein’s numerous corrections, additions, deletions, alternative words and phrasings, suggestions for moves within the text, and marginal comments


C. Grant Luckhardt is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Georgia State University, where he was a member of the Philosophy Department and for many years the Director of the Honors Program. His research interests are in Wittgenstein and in Native American Thought and Culture.

Maximillian E. Aue is Chair and Associate Professor of German Studies at Emory University. His publications include translations of the following works by Wittgenstein: Remarks on the Philosophy of Psychology, vol. II (1980), Last Writings on the Philosophy of Psychology, vol. I (1982), and Last Writings on the Philosophy of Psychology, vol. II (1992).


Verstehen. 1 Bedeutung. 22 Satz. Sinn des Satzes. 49 Understanding. 1

Meaning. 22

Proposition. Sense of a Proposition. 49

Das augenblickliche Verstehn und die Anwendung des Worts in der Zeit. 109

Immediate Understanding and the Application of a Word in Time. 109

Wesen der Sprache. 128

Gedanke. Denken. 164

Grammatik. 183

The Nature of Language. 128

Thought. Thinking. 164

Grammar. 183

Intention und Abbildung. 213

Logischer Schluß. 229

Allgemeinheit. 240

Intention and Depiction. 213

Logical Inference. 229

Generality. 240

Erwartung. Wunsch. etc. 263

Philosophie. 299

Phänomenologie. 319

Expectation. Wish. etc. 263

Philosophy. 299

Phenomenology. 319

Idealismus, etc. 346

Grundlagen der Mathematik. 370

Über Kardinalzahlen. 392

Mathematischer Beweis. 417

Idealism, etc. 346

Foundations of Mathematics. 370

On Cardinal Numbers. 392

Mathematical Proof. 417

Induktionsbeweis. Periodizität. 443

Das Unendliche in der Mathematik. Extensive Auffassung. 482

Anhang I 506

Register 507

Inductive Proofs. Periodicity. 443

The Infinite in Mathematics. The Extensional Viewpoint. 482

Appendix I 506

Index 507



Experts used to regard an edition of this much revised typescript as well-nigh impossible. Now they have been proved wrong: Aue and Luckhardt have miraculously succeeded in producing a scrupulously accurate and at the same time highly readable edition and translation of this previously missing link between Wittgenstein’s Tractatus and his later writings.

Joachim Schulte, Universität Bielefeld


Here is Wittgenstein’s most important unpublished typescript, expertly edited and superbly translated. Required reading for anyone interested in what Wittgenstein wrote after the Tractatus and before the Philosophical Investigations.

 David Stern, University of Iowa