Sport in Industrial America, 1850-1920  
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More About This Title Sport in Industrial America, 1850-1920  


Riess examines the evolution of sport from its rural and urban origins as a less-than-respectable entertainment for the lower classes, through its antebellum upsurge when, with the development of a new sport ideology, it attained respectability-penetrating and finally remaking popular culture.

Using a topical approach, Riess looks at sport from several vantage points, analyzing the interaction between sport and the rise of modern cities; the impact of sport on immigration, race, class, and gender; how sport became accessible through technological innovations; how it became integral to various educational and social movements; the coming of the professional sports figure; sport's links to politics and organized crime; and the role of women in sport. Highlighted with colorful anecdotes, the narrative unfurls a pageant of celebrities and unknowns, players, spectators, and entrepreneurs-all engaged in the drama that is American sport.


Foreword v

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction 1

Chapter One. Urbanization, the Technological Revolution, and the Rise of Sport 11

Urban Reform and the Ideology of Sport 14

Sport and Urban Space 20

Sport and the Promotion of Public Pride 26

The Technological Revolution and the Rise of Sport 29

Chapter Two. Sport and Class 43

Sport and the American Elite 45

Sport and the Middle Class 57

Working-Class Sport 67

Chapter Three. Sport, Ethnicity, and Race 83

The Old Immigrants 84

The New Immigrants 97

The Native Americans 105

African Americans 107

Chapter Four. Sport and the Educational Process 115

Sport and Higher Education 116

Secondary School Sport 135

Adult-Directed Youth Sport 137

Chapter Five. Baseball and the Rise of Professional Sport 144

Prizefighting 145

Thoroughbred Racing 149

Professional Baseball 153

Bibliographical Essay 179

Index 207