Candide or Optimism
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This edition is essentially that of Richard Aldington edited with reference to the French editions by André Morize and George R. Havens. Norman L. Torrey's introduction is a brief commentary on Voltaire's central purpose of reducing the doctrine of philosophical optimism to absurdity. Also included are a list of principal dates in the life of Voltaire and a selected bibliography.


François-Marie Arouet, known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his criticism of Christianity, especially the Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech, and separation of church and state. Norman L. Torrey is the author of Candide or Optimism, published by Wiley.


Introduction ix

I. How Candide was Brought Up in a Noble Castle, and How He was Expelled from the Same 1

II. What Happended to Candide Among the Bulgarians 4

III. How Candide Escaped from the Bulgarians, and What Became of Him 7

IV. How Candide Met His Old Master in Philosophy, Doctor Pangloss, and What Happened 10

V. Storm, Shipwreck, Earthquake, and What Happened to Dr. Pangloss, to Candide and the Anabaptist Jacques 14

VI. How a Splendid Auto-Da-Fé was Held to Prevent Earthquakes, and How Candide was Flogged 17

VII. How an Old Woman Took Care of Candide and Hoe He Regained That Which He Loved 19

VIII. Cunegonde’s Story 22

IX. What Happed to Cunegonde, to Candide, to the Grand Inquisitor and to a Jew 25

X. How Candide, Cunegonde and the Old Woman Arrived at Cadiz in Great Distress, and How They Embarked 27

XI. The Old Woman’s Story 30

XII. Continuation of the Old Woman’s Misfortunes 34

XIII. How Candide was Obliged to Separate from the Fair Cunegonde and the Old Woman 38

XIV. How Candide and Cacambo were Received by the Jesuits in Paraguay 41

XV. How Candid Killed his Dear Cunegonde’s Brother 45

XVI. What Happened to the Two Travellers with Two Girls, Two Monkeys, and the Savages Called Oreillons 48

XVII. Arrival of Candide and His Valet in the Country of Eldorado and What They saw There 52

XVIII. What They saw in the Land of Eldorado 56

XIX. What Happened to Them at Surinam and How Candid Made the Acquaintance of Martin 62

XX. What Happened to Candide and Martin at Sea 68

XXI. Candide and Martin Approach the Coast of France and Argue 71

XXII. What Happened to Candide and Martin in France 73

XXIII. Candide and Martin Reach the Coast of England; and What They saw There 84

XXIV. Paquette and Friar Giroflée 86

XXV. Visit to the Noble Venetian, Lord Pococurante 91

XXVI. How Candide and Martin Supped with Six Strangers and who They Were 97

XXVII. Candide’s Voyage to Constantinople 101

XXVIII. What Happened to Candide, to Cunegonde, to Pangloss, to Martin, Etc. 105

XXIX. How Candide Found Cunegonde and the Old Woman Again 108

XXX. Conclusion 110