How To Reach and Teach All Children in the Inclusive Classroom: Practical Strategies, Lessons, and Activities, Second Edition
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More About This Title How To Reach and Teach All Children in the Inclusive Classroom: Practical Strategies, Lessons, and Activities, Second Edition


This thoroughly updated edition of the best-selling book gives all classroom teachers, special educators, and administrators an arsenal of adaptable and ready-to-use strategies, lessons, and activities. How to Reach and Teach All Children in the Inclusive Classroom is a comprehensive resource that helps teachers reach students with varied learning styles, ability levels, skills, and behaviors. The authors offer a team approach that includes parents, colleagues, and learning specialists, enabling teachers to guide diverse groups of students in grades 3–8 toward academic, social, and emotional success.



Sandra F. Rief, M.A.(San Diego, CA), an internationally known author, speaker, and teacher trainer, has worked as a public school teacher for more than twenty years. Julie A. Heimburge(San Diego, CA) has taught at the elementary level in the San Diego Unified School District for the past twenty-five years.


Foreword (Robert Brooks).



1Reaching All Students Through Differentiated Instruction.

Definitions, Descriptions, and Key Components.

How, What, and Through Which Means Do We Differentiate?

The Challenge of Differentiating Instruction.

Multisensory Instruction.

The Advantages of Cooperative Learning.

Brain-Compatible Research and Strategies.

Helpful Web Sites.


2Reaching Students Through Their Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences.

Learning Styles.

Multiple Intelligences.

Learning Style Elements.



Activity 2.1 The 100 Percent Smart Activity.

Activity 2.2 Job Application.

3Understanding and Reaching Special Populations of Students.

Learning Disabilities.

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

Other Mental Health Disorders in Children.

Asperger’s Syndrome.

English Language Learners.

Gifted and Talented Students.

Dual or Multiple Exceptionalities.

Tips for Parents of Children in Special Populations.

Helpful Web Sites.


4Understanding Reading and Writing Difficulties in Students.

Prevalence of Reading Problems and Research Results.

The Gender Gap in Reading.

Reading Disorders.

Struggles with Writing.

Research-Based Literacy Intervention Programs.

Other Important Resources.



5Using Accommodations, Modifications, and Supports.

Student Support Team Process.

Accommodations, Modifications, and Supports Checklists.

School Support Staff and Expertise.


6Managing Behavior Through Support and Interventions.

Understanding Student Behavior.

Supporting Proactive Classroom Management.

Preventing Student Misbehavior in the Classroom.

Implementing Behavior Management Systems.

Addressing Student Misbehavior.

Research-Based Model of Schoolwide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports.

Tips for Dealing with Challenging or Difficult Kids.



Form 6.1 Behavioral Improvement Report.

Form 6.2 Elementary School Daily Report.

Form 6.3 Middle School Daily Report.

Form 6.4 Self-Monitoring Behavior Log.

Form 6.5 Student-Generated Progress Report.

7Questioning and Engaging Students.

Getting and Focusing Students’ Attention.

Maintaining Students’ Attention Through Active Participation.

Questioning Techniques to Increase Student Participation.

Other Inclusive Questioning Strategies.

Socratic Seminar.

Reciprocal Teaching.

Asking the Right Questions.

Questioning Games and Other Ideas.

Questioning Tips for Parents.


8Fostering Students’ Self-Esteem and Resilience.

Student Needs for School Success.

Classroom Strategies and Programs to Promote Self-Esteem.

Schoolwide Strategies and Programs to Build Resilience and Self-Esteem.

Community Mentorship Programs.

Community Service.

Interventions and Supports.

Principals’ Efforts.



Form 8.1 Student Standout for the Week.

Form 8.2 Buddy Assistance Folder.

9Increasing Home-School Collaboration and Parent Involvement.

Strategies for Increasing Parent Participation in School Activities and Functions.

Partnering with Parents of Special Population Students.

Communication Tips for Teachers.

Communication Tips for Parents.

Home Extension Activities.



Form 9.1 Parent Interest Form.

Form 9.2 Parent Report.

Form 9.3 Home Extension Activities.

10Working to Improve Organization, Time Management, and Homework Success.

What Teachers Can Do to Help Build Organizational Skills.

What Teachers Can Do to Help with Time Management.

What Teachers Can Do to Support the Homework Process.



Form 10.1 Notebook Check.

Form 10.2 Substitute Plan.

Form 10.3 Daily Monitoring.

Form 10.4 Weekly Progress Report.

Form 10.5 Homework Tips for Parents.


11Hooking in Reluctant Readers and Writers.

What Is Balanced Literacy?

Motivating Struggling Readers and Writers.

Books That Appeal to Reluctant Readers.

Activities to Keep Reluctant Readers Reading.



Activity 11.1 Using Shel Silverstein’s “Messy Room”.

Activity 11.2 Poetry Log.

Activity 11.3 Comic Strip Recording Sheet.

Activity 11.4 Wrapper/Label Information Sheet.

Activity 11.5 Idiom Activity Form.

Activity 11.6 Let’s Read a Menu.

Activity 11.7 Almanac Research Sheet.

Activity 11.8 Create Your Own Almanac Questions.

Activity 11.9 Let’s Read a Television Guide.

Activity 11.10 Television Watching Observation and Evaluation Sheet.

Activity 11.11 Caldecott Books Recording and Information Sheet.

Activity 11.12 Let’s Read a Recipe.

Activity 11.13 Book Report Monthly Schedule.

Activity 11.14 Bookmark.

Activity 11.15 Let’s Create a Report Card.

Activity 11.16 Create Your Own Test.

Activity 11.17 Literature/Geography Study Guide.

12Making Oral Language Come Alive in Your Classroom.

Making Talk Important in the Upper-Grade Classroom.

Getting Students to Use Oral Language.

Assessing Oral Language.


Teacher Resources.


Activity 12.1 Speech Plan Sheet.

Activity 12.2 Oral Language Monthly Presentations.

Activity 12.3 An Oral Language Presentation: A How-to-Do Speech.

Activity 12.4 Interview Planning Sheet.

Activity 12.5 Game Day Activity.

Activity 12.6 Science Experiment Planning Sheet: Oral Presentation.

Activity 12.7 Oral Language Teacher Evaluation.

Activity 12.8 Oral Language Peer Evaluation.

13Revvin’ Up the Content Areas.

Nonfiction: We’re All in This Together.

Social Studies and Other Textbooks: A Deeper Look.

Discovery Through Nonfiction: Research in the Classroom.

The Science Connection.


Teacher Resources.


Activity 13.1 A Biographical Journey.

Activity 13.2 Native American Poster Board Project.

Activity 13.3 Native American Poster Project Rubric.

Activity 13.4 Explorer Notebook Student Packet.

Activity 13.5 Explorer Notebook (Group) Student Check-Off List.

Activity 13.6 Sample Starters for the Diary Entry for The Great Kapok Tree.

Activity 13.7 Rubric for The Great Kapok Tree: Point of View Response to Literature.

Activity 13.8 Research Note-Taking Sheet.

Activity 13.9 Information About Bibliographies.

Activity 13.10 Mystery Place or Mystery Creature Research Report Rubric.

Activity 13.11 What Your Mystery Research Report Should Include.

Activity 13.12 Mystery Research Project Rubric (Individual).

Activity 13.13 Mystery Powder Observation Sheet.

Activity 13.14 Research Topic Suggestions.

Activity 13.15 Discovery Fair Due Date Schedule.

Activity 13.16 Discovery Fair Essentials.

Activity 13.17 Student/Teacher Evaluation Form.

Activity 13.18 Research: Add Some of Those “Extras”.

Activity 13.19 Research Daily Log.

Activity 13.20 Student Interest Survey Form for Observational Investigation.

Activity 13.21 Observation Study.

Activity 13.22 Observation Project Information Sheet.

Activity 13.23 Becoming a Pumpkinologist: An Observation and Hands-On Investigation.

Activity 13.24 Pumpkin Investigation Letter to Parents.

Activity 13.25 Plant Observation Team Sheet.

Activity 13.26 Science Project Student Evaluation.

14Motivating Students to Be Successful Mathematicians.

Recent Reform in Math Instruction.

Setting Up the Classroom.

Supporting Classroom Learning.

Instructional Practices.

Assessing Student Work.

Using Resources.

Addressing the Needs of Special Populations.

Making Math Relevant Through Real-Life Experiences.

Other Tips for Teachers.


Teacher Resources.


Activity 14.1 Math Assignment Sheet.

Activity 14.2 Geometry Design Project.

Activity 14.3 Pig Score Sheet.

Activity 14.4 End-of-Year Math Evaluation.

Activity 14.5 Math Is Everywhere You Look Assignment Sheet.

Activity 14.6 Math Is Everywhere You Look Evaluation Form.

Activity 14.7 Graphing Can Be Fun: A Math Project.

Activity 14.8 Question Possibilities for Graphing Projects.

Activity 14.9 Graphing Project Design Form.

Activity 14.10 Parent Letter for the Shopping Adventure.

Activity 14.11 Shopping Adventure Recording Sheet.

Activity 14.12 Super Bowl Math Activity Packet.

Activity 14.13 Survival Math Parent Letter.

Activity 14.14 Survival Math Packet (Experiencing Math in Your Everyday Life).

Activity 14.15 Survival Math Rubric—Teacher Evaluation.

Activity 14.16 Survival Math Record Sheet.

Activity 14.17 Survival Math Checklist Activity.

Activity 14.18 Survival Math Peer Evaluation Form.

Activity 14.19 Math in the Real World.

Activity 14.20 Using a Menu to Solve Math Problems.

Activity 14.21 Thanksgiving Math Project—Simulation.

Activity 14.22 Gift Giving Math Project for December.

15Making the Most of Music and Art in the Classroom.

Providing Balance Between Work and Relaxation.

Music Implementation.

Art Implementation.

Books for Music and Art Centers.


Teacher Resources.


Activity 15.1 Photography Project.



"Steer your students toward academic, social, and emotional success regardless of their learning styles, ability levels, skills, and behaviors. This book provides strategies and activities to differentiated instruction,engage reluctant readers and writers, boost organization and study skills and more." (Learning Journal, Back-to-School 2007) "Motivating and educating today's students requires an artful blend of science and time-proven strategies. Sandra Rief and Julie Heimburge’s new volume stands as a testament to the very best of this model.  This wise and practical resource for educators committed to developing the best in every student is superb."
—Dr. Sam Goldstein, coauthor, Understanding and Managing Children's Classroom Behavior, 2nd Edition

"This best-practice toolkit for reaching and teaching all students—including those at-risk—is practical, easy to use, and highly effective."
—Greg Greicius, senior vice president for education, Turnaround for Children, New York City

"After reviewing several books on inclusion, I decided How to Reach and Teach All Children in the Inclusive Classroom had all I was looking for.  The activities, lessons, and strategies are modified for various learners with diverse learning styles. This book is a must-have for all educators!"
—Michelle Hammer, middle school inclusion class teacher

"Rief and Heimburge's new work provides the novice/beginning and experienced professional educator with a plethora of valuable ideas and techniques for promoting prosocial behaviors in school, and raising the academic achievement of all learners."
—Dr. Bob Bayuk, school psychologist and past president of Wyoming School Psychology Association

"Rief and Heimburge have included ideas for students with a wide array of learning challenges such as Bipolar disorders, nonverbal LD, Asperger's Syndrome, and ODD.  Teachers will find this book invaluable in the classroom!"
—Dr. William N. Bender, author, Differentiating Math Instruction: Strategies That Work for K-8 Classrooms!