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More About This Title Enemies and the Darker Side of Peer Relations: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development #102
Using diverse samples, the chapter authors provide an empirically based exposition of factors relevant to the formation and maintenance of these relations, as well as their developmental impact. Both distal (for example, attachment styles with parents, community violence exposure) and proximal (for example, perceptions of enemies' behavior, social structure of the peer group) factors related to inimical relations are explored, and the developmental sequelaw (for example, affective, behavioral, interpersonal) of having enemies are examined with concurrent and longitudinal designs.
NOEL A. CARD is a doctoral candidate in clinical psychology at St. John's University, Jamaica, New York.