Reading for Understanding: How Reading Apprenticeship Improves Disciplinary Learning in Secondary and College Classrooms, Second Edition
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More About This Title Reading for Understanding: How Reading Apprenticeship Improves Disciplinary Learning in Secondary and College Classrooms, Second Edition


"As elegantly practical as it is theoretically elegant. It is a guided tour, as one examines the tools of expert teachers as they engage students in a journey that is aptly dubbed Reading Apprenticeship?learning how to become a savvy, strategic reader under the tutelage of thoughtful, caring, and demanding teachers.? P. David Pearson, University of California, Berkeley, and founding editor of the Handbook of Reading Research.

Reading for Understanding is a monumental achievement. It was a monumental achievement when it came out as a first edition in 1999, bringing years of rigorous reading research together in a framework for teaching that made sense in actual secondary school classrooms. Now, just thirteen years later, Schoenbach and Greenleaf have several randomized clinical trials and multiple on-going studies at their fingertips to demonstrate the effects of this approach for developing the reading and thinking of young people in our nation?s middle and high school classrooms, as well as in community college classrooms. Their careful work on developing disciplinary literacy among all students represents a passion for and commitment to supporting students?and their teachers?in reading for understanding, which translates to reading for enjoyment, self-awareness, learning, and for purposeful and informed action in our society. ?Elizabeth Moje, Arthur F. Thurnau Professor and Associate Dean for Research, School of Education, University of Michigan

Reading Apprenticeship has proven to be an inspiration to Renton Technical College faculty and students alike. They have learned together to view themselves as readers in transformative ways, as they embrace powerful techniques to increase reading comprehension. The ideas and strategies in Reading for Understanding anchor this new and broad-based energy around reading and an enthusiasm among our faculty to model effective reading strategies for our students. ?Steve Hanson, President, Renton Technical College, Renton, Washington Reading for Understanding has the finest blend I have seen of research, strategies, and classroom vignettes to deepen teacher learning and help them connect the dots between theory and practice. ?Curtis Refior, Content Area Literacy Coach, Fowlerville Community Schools, Fowlerville, Michigan

 A teacher-tested, research-based resource for dramatically improving reading skills

Published in partnership with WestEd, this significantly updated second edition of the bestselling book contains strategies for helping students in middle school through community college gain the reading independence to master subject area textbooks and other material.

  • Based on the Reading Apprenticeship program, which three rigorous "gold standard" research studies have shown to be effective in raising students' reading achievement
  • Presents a clear framework for improving the reading and subject area learning of all students, including English learners, students with special needs, as well as those in honors and AP courses
  • Provides concrete tools for classroom use and examples from a range of classrooms
  • Presents a clear how-to for teachers implementing the subject area literacies of the Common Core Standards

Reading for Understanding proves it's never too late for teachers and students to work together to boost literacy, engagement, and achievement.



Ruth Schoenbach and Cynthia Greenleaf are co-directors of WestEd's Strategic Literacy Initiative (SLI) and the principal developers of the Reading Apprenticeship framework.

Lynn Murphy is SLI's director of materials development.

SLI conducts literacy research and manages an extensive program of professional development for teachers, administrators and literacy coaches, community college instructors, and teacher educators nationwide.


Foreword vii
P. David Pearson

Preface xi

CHAPTER 1 Engaged Academic Literacy for All 1

CHAPTER 2 The Reading Apprenticeship Framework 17

CHAPTER 3 The Social and Personal Dimensions: Building a Foundation for Engaged Learning 55

CHAPTER 4 Metacognitive Conversation: Making Thinking Visible 89

CHAPTER 5 Extensive Academic Reading: Extending Opportunities and Support 135

CHAPTER 6 Sustained Silent Reading+: Dedicating Time for Independent Reading 167

CHAPTER 7 The Cognitive Dimension: Assembling a Reading Toolbox 191

CHAPTER 8 The Knowledge-Building Dimension: Surfacing and Building Schema in the Disciplines 233

EPILOGUE Collaborating Beyond the Classroom 289

Assessment Appendix 293

Interests and Reading Survey 294

Student Learning Goals 299

Monitoring and Assessing Student Work 318

Curriculum-Embedded Reading Assessment (CERA) Guidance and Tools 323

Sustained Silent Reading+ (SSR+) Assessment Guidance and Tools 331

What Does a Reading Apprenticeship Classroom Look Like? 337

List of Downloadable Resources 339

WestEd and the Strategic Literacy Initiative 341

About the Authors 343

Subject Index 345

Name Index 357