A Companion to the Archaeology of the RomanRepublic
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More About This Title A Companion to the Archaeology of the RomanRepublic


A Companion to the Archaeology of the Roman Republic offers a diversity of perspectives to explore how differing approaches and methodologies can contribute to a greater understanding of the formation of the Roman Republic.

  • Brings together the experiences and ideas of archaeologists from around the world, with multiple backgrounds and areas of interest
  • Offers a vibrant exploration of the ways in which archaeological methods can be used to explore different elements of the Roman Republican period
  • Demonstrates that the Republic was not formed in a vacuum, but was influenced by non-Latin-speaking cultures from throughout the Mediterranean  region
  • Enables archaeological thinking in this area to be made accessible both to a more general audience and as a valuable addition to existing discourse
  • Investigates the archaeology of the Roman Republican period with reference to material culture, landscape, technology, identity and empire


Jane DeRose Evans is Professor of Art History at Temple University, where she is also affiliated with the Classics Department. She is the author of The Art of Persuasion: Political Propaganda from Aeneas to Brutus (1992) and The Joint Expedition to Caesarea Maritima: Excavation Reports v.6, The Coins and the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine Economy of Palestine (2006).


List of Illustrations ix

Notes on Contributors xiv

Abbreviations xxi

Preface xxii

Introduction 1
Jane DeRose Evans

PART I Material Culture and Its Impact on Social Configuration 13

1 Development of Baths and Public Bathing during the Roman Republic 15
Fikret K. Yegül

2 Public Entertainment Structures 33
Mantha Zarmakoupi

3 Republican Houses 50
Shelley Hales

4 Tombs and Funerary Monuments 67
Sylvia Diebner

5 Before Sigillata: Black-Gloss Pottery and Its Cultural Dimensions 81
Roman Roth

6 Amphoras and Shipwrecks: Wine from the Tyrrhenian Coast at the End of the Republic and Its Distribution in Gaul 97
Fanette Laubenheimer

7 Coins and the Archaeology of the Roman Republic 110
Jane DeRose Evans

8 Weapons and the Army 123
Andrew L. Goldman

9 Bodies of Evidence: Skeletal Analysis in Roman Greece and Cyprus 141
Susan Kirkpatrick Smith

10 Population and Demographic Studies 155
Elio Lo Cascio

PART II Archaeology and the Landscape 167

11 Looking at Early Rome with Fresh Eyes: Transforming the Landscape 169
Albert J. Ammerman

12 Survey, Settlement and Land Use in Republican Italy 181
Helena Fracchia

13 Agriculture and the Environment of Republican Italy 198
Helen Goodchild

14 No Holiday Camp: The Roman Republican Army Camp as a Fine-Tuned Instrument of War 214
Michael Dobson

15 Reconstructing Religious Ritual in Italy 235
Alison B. Griffith

PART III Archaeology and Ancient Technology 251

16 The Orientation of Towns and Centuriation 253
David Gilman Romano

17 Scientia in Republican Era Stone and Concrete Masonry 268
Marie D. Jackson and Cynthia K. Kosso

18 Aqueducts and Water Supply 285
A. Trevor Hodge

19 Roads and Bridges 296
Ray Laurence

20 Villas and Agriculture in Republican Italy 309
Jeffrey A. Becker

21 Ports 323
Steven L. Tuck

PART IV The Archaeology of Identity 335

22 Material Culture, Italic Identities and the Romanization of Italy 337
Tesse D. Stek

23 The Importance of Being Elite: The Archaeology of Identity in Etruria (500–200) 354
P. Gregory Warden

24 Greeks, Lucanians and Romans at Poseidonia/Paestum (South Italy) 369
Maurizio Gualtieri

25 Central Apennine Italy: The Case of Samnium 387
Marlene Suano and Rafael Scopacasa

26 Early Rome and the Making of “Roman” Identity through Architecture and City Planning 406
Ingrid Edlund-Berry

PART V The Archaeology of Empire during the Republic 427

27 Material Culture and Identity in the Late Roman Republic (c. 200–c. 20) 429
Miguel John Versluys

28 The Archaeology of Mid-Republican Rome: The Emergence of a Mediterranean Capital 441
Penelope J.E. Davies

29 The Late Republican City of Rome 459
Jane DeRose Evans

30 Cosa 472
Stephen L. Dyson

31 Becoming Roman Overseas? Sicily and Sardinia in the Later Roman Republic 485
R.J.A. Wilson

32 The Archaeology of Africa in the Roman Republic 505
David L. Stone

33 Hispania: From the Roman Republic to the Reign of Augustus 522
Isabel Rodá

34 The Archaeology of Palestine in the Republican Period 540
J. Andrew Overman

35 Greece and the Roman Republic: Athens and Corinth from the Late Third Century to the Augustan Era 559
Michael C. Hoff

PART VI Republican Archaeology and the Twenty-First Century 579

36 Computer Technologies and Republican Archaeology at Pompeii 581
Michael Anderson

37 Archaeology and Acquisition: The Experience of Republican Rome 598
Margaret M. Miles

References 611

Index 711


“As a collection, the volume’s essays demonstrate the rich variety of archaeological approaches to this period and indicate their future directions. It rightfully deserves to remain a standard work for some time to come.”  (American Journal of Archaeology, July 2015, 119.3) 

“However, this does not detract from the overall achievement of the Companion, the scholarly content and impressive scope of which ensures that it will be of use to those studying a range of disciplines.”  (History & Archaeology, 1 October 2014)

Recipient of a PROSE Awards 2013 Honorable Mention

“This collection punches well above the weight of most of similar editorial enterprises. D. E. has impressively succeeded in gathering a body of work that does justice both to the complexity of the material and the diversity of the scholarly debate . . . Readers will encounter, as a rule, reliable and often insightful overviews of complex problems, with plenty of engagement with the ancient evidence and invaluable bibliographical information.”  (Journal of Classics Teaching, 1 June 2013)