A Companion to Roman Architecture
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More About This Title A Companion to Roman Architecture


ACompanion to Roman Architecture presents a comprehensive review of the critical issues and approaches that have transformed scholarly understanding in recent decades in one easy-to-reference volume.

  • Offers a cross-disciplinary approach to Roman architecture, spanning technology, history, art, politics, and archaeology
  • Brings together contributions by leading scholars in architectural history
  • An essential guide to recent scholarship, covering new archaeological discoveries, lesser known buildings, new technologies and space and construction
  • Includes extensive, up-to-date bibliography and glossary of key Roman architectural terms


Roger B. Ulrich is Ralph Butterfield Professor of Classics at Dartmouth College, where he teaches Roman Archaeology and Latin and directs Dartmouth’s Rome Foreign Study Program in Italy. He is the author of The Roman Orator and the Sacred Stage: The Roman Templum Rostratum(1994) and Roman Woodworking (2007).

Caroline K. Quenemoen is Professor in the Practice and Director of Fellowships and Undergraduate Research at Rice University. Previously she taught courses in Greek and Roman art and archaeology at Rice. Her research focuses on Roman architecture, including articles on the House of Augustus.


List of Illustrations viii

Contributors xiii

Maps/General Images xviii

Introduction 1

1. Italic Architecture of the Earlier First Millennium BCE 6
Jeffrey A. Becker

2. Rome and Her Neighbors: Greek Building Practices in Republican Rome 27
Penelope J.E. Davies

3. Creating Imperial Architecture 45
Inge Nielsen

4. Columns and Concrete: Architecture from Nero to Hadrian 63
Caroline K. Quenemoen

5. The Severan Period 82
Edmund V. Thomas

6. The Architecture of Tetrarchy 106
Emanuel Mayer

7. Architect and Patron 127
James C. Anderson, jr.

8. Plans, Measurement Systems, and Surveying: The Roman Technology of Pre-Building 140
John R. Senseney

9. Materials and Techniques 157
Lynne C. Lancaster and Roger B. Ulrich

10. Labor Force and Execution 193
Rabun Taylor

11. Urban Sanctuaries: The Early Republic to Augustus 207
John W. Stamper

12. Monumental Architecture of Non-Urban Cult Places in Roman Italy 228
Tesse D. Stek

13. Fora 248
James F.D. Frakes

14. Funerary Cult and Architecture 264
Kathryn J. McDonnell

15. Building for an Audience: The Architecture of Roman Spectacle 281
Hazel Dodge

16. Roman Imperial Baths and Thermae 299
Fikret K. Yegül

17. Courtyard Architecture in the Insulae of Ostia Antica 324
Roger B. Ulrich

18. Domus/Single Family House 342
John R. Clarke

19. Private Villas: Italy and the Provinces 363
Mantha Zarmakoupi

20. Romanization 381
Louise Revell

21. Streets and Facades 399
Ray Laurence

22. Vitruvius and his Influence 412
Ingrid D. Rowland

23. Ideological Applications: Roman Architecture and Fascist Romanità 426
Genevieve S. Gessert

24. Visualizing Architecture Then and Now: Mimesis and the Capitoline Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus 446
Melanie Grunow Sobocinski

25. Conservation 462
William Aylward

Glossary 480

References 501

Index 565


“This comprehensive volume of almost 600 pages deserves praise. Its 25 chapters have a chronological as well as a thematic focus, and cover the broader Roman Empire as well as specific case studies.” (Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 1 March 2015)

“The Companion is an important study that opens up new avenues for discussion and consideration, challenges what is currently perceived to be the approved wisdom on Roman architecture and encourages a new approach to understanding the material culture of a society that remains evident and influential in our own.”  (Reference Reviews, 1 October 2014)

“Summing Up: Recommended.  Lower-division undergraduates through graduate students.”  (Choice, 1 June 2013)

"The line-up of contributers is extremley impressive, with most chapters written by the very scolors whose names immediately sprang to my own mind on seeing their titles" (The Journal of Roman Studies, May 2016)