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Er. Mohammad Ashraf Fazili

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MY STORY By Er. Mohammad Ashraf Fazili B.E.(Hons.), CEng(I), FIE, MIRC, MASCE Here is the story of my life covering a perod of about 68 years from December 1942 to February 2011 with glimpses of memory that I could recall on looking back in a calm atmosphere in Musaffah Abu Dhabi.It describes briefly my childhood, school, college days, degree engineering and my career experience besides the description of people-friends, relatives etc. who made an impression on my mind in my lifetime. Autobiography DEDICATION I dedicate this book to the cherished memories of my parents, parents in law, my spouse Fahmida, my sons, daughters and their spouses.I stand particularly indebted to my son Irfan and Kubra Mubashshir who have facilitated my work of recording it during my stay in Abu Dhabi. It was Gowhar my son and Nazia Amin who first motivated me to pen it down, after they heard about certain hair rising incidents of my life.I also felt urge to record my encounters as I was feeling feeble enough after my heart surgery in 2010 and at times felt, I may leave this temporary life without leaving any written reference for my progeny and for others, in order to know the circumstances that prevailed in our times. Our lives teach us many lessons, one being to keep one’s mind open for learning from cradle to grave and also to be steadfast in all trying tests that one is put to in day to day unforseen events. Er.Mohammad Ashraf Fazili B.E.(Hons.) C.Eng.(I), FIE, MIRC, MASCE. February 25, 2011. CONTENTS: S.No. Description Page No. 01 Introduction/Prayers 02 In praise of Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW). 03 Address to the self. 04 In the superiority of knowledge. 05 In Allah’s creation. 06 Hazrat Ali (RA) said. 07 Why are we here? 08 Background 09 My maternal lineage. 10 My paternal lineage. 11 A manuscript-royal order (shahi firman) 12 Manuscript of Sheikh Abdul Haq Muhaddis Dehlavi (RA) 13 My birth, childhood and school days. 14 My early childhood. 15 My middle school 16 My high school. 17 My college days 18 My selection for degree engineering. 19 After degree what? 20 Public Service Commission selection-Posting to D&P Directorate. 21 My posting to LJHP. 22 My posting to JKPCC Ltd. 23 My posting to R&B subdivision Uri. 24 My promotion as executive engineer- posting to SDA. 25 My posting to U.E.E.D. 26 My posting to Circular road project. 27 My posting to Rural development Department. 28 My posting to National Highway By-Pass Division. 29 My posting to New Ganderbal Hydroelectric project. 30 My posting to LJHP Civil Maintenance division. 31 My posting to REC Srinagar. 32 Promotion as Superintending Engineer-Posting to SDA 33 My posting as Project Officer Chrari Sharief Development Project. 34 Re-appointment for two more years. 35 Promoted as Chief Engineer. 36 Joined CIE Ltd. 37 My open heart surgery. 38 My visit to UAE 39 My aquaintances. 40 My Marriage 41 Places Visited 42 Places Visited outside State 43 Conferences attended 44 Interaction with Consultants 45 Meeting with central Govt. Offices 46 Papers Presented 47 Publications 48 Photographs Preface Every person on this planet earth is a book in him self. Ask any one about his introduction, it opens the first chapter of his book. Most of these books pass unknown and get buried with the death of the person; only a very few are drawn to record their events that may be of interest to some one. It is said that a person is an embodiment of the nature of the people, he comes across during his lifetime and a give and take takes place when two persons or two cultures meet. It is said that human nature has two sections, one being what one inherits from his parents and is called ‘fitrat’ and is unchangeable, the other being ‘jibilat’ i.e. what one picks up from the environment and this part is changeable. The first encounter a child has is his parents then his brothers and sisters then his classmates, neighbours, relatives and as he joins the mainstream of life, he meets people of diverse figures, .interests, temparaments and every encounter gives him a new experience. Now it depends on the nature of his job as to which type of people he meets and to what extant. However for day to day needs there is often a common dealer one has to deal with. What we feel lacking is a lesson on the ettiquete for dealings with people. Introduction WHO I AM “Who are you?” the then Divisional Commissioner Kashmir asked me, in a meeting with him in his office. I was stunned, since I was already introduced to him and had had scores of meetings with him in his very office. Earlier I had handed over to him a printed copy of a project document titled “ Chrar-i-Sharief Development Project”. In fact, I had asked his predecessor to write an introduction to my book --- “Srinagar the Sun city, what it should be?” Since the worthy Commissioner could not find time, I took the manuscript back after a period of about 3 months. So I was well known by the officer and his staff. In spite of all this, the officer seemed to be so tense that he lost the sense of etiquette or that it went out of his mind that the person he was talking to was Er. Mohammad Ashraf Fazili. He perhaps could not remember my face even. In fact the worthy Commissioner wanted to locate the missing Superintending Engineer R & B Dept. who was on tour & I suggested to call his next in command, on which he was aghast and advised me to keep mum and that too in presence of my boss and instantly scolded me saying “By the way who are you to suggest us what we should do and not do?” All my colleagues and my boss were surprised to see the behavior of the Divisional Commissioner. However all kept mum. It was only after a few moments that the worthy Commissioner regained his normal self, when he got up and began to apologize for his uncalled -for momentary reaction, to my genuine suggestion. He also had got shaken to recollect that I was one of the senior most officers of the J&K State and this behavior of his was uncalled for. I am reminded of a Police Officer posted in the J&K State, who has written a book titled “ A MAD OFFICER IN A MAD STATE” who writes that on every action of his, he would receive a salute from his subordinates even for pissing in a standing position and the officer would enjoy it. So I thought that I must tell the world who am I? --- nay “WHO I AM ” We can’t guess whether we are here by choice or by chance? If we are here by choice then Almighty Allah must have sought our consent to be transported to the mother earth through the wombs of our mothers. If so be the fact, then according to the Holy Quran, our Allah has asked us in the beginning, when our souls were gathered together: Am I not your sustainer? “ALASTO BI RABBIKUM” To which we replied, yes ---QALOO: BALA. So we are here by choice and not by chance. 01) Prayer: Here I would like to quote Sheikh Saadi Shirazi (d. 691 AH / 1291 AD) BISMILLAH-I-RRAHMAN-I-RRAHIM بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم (IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST GRACIOUS MOST MERCIFUL) Karima ba bakhshai bar hali ma Ki hastam aseere kamandey hawa كريما به بخشا بر حال ما كه هستم اسير كمند حوا ا Na dreamy gair az too faryad ras Toei asiyanra khata bakhsh o bas نه داريم غير از تو فرياد رس تو ئ عاصيان را خطا بخش و بس Nigah dar mara ze rahey khuda Khata dar guzaro sawabam numa نكاه دار ما را ز راه خدا خطا در كزار و ثؤابم نما O’ Kareem ( Generous) forgive over our present state of affairs, this is because I am prisoner of the rope of desires. We don’t have any one to approach to-- except YOU, and YOU are the only one who is the forgiver of the sinners and that is all. Keep an eye on us to keep us away from the path of sin, forgive our sins and show us the straight path. 02) IN PRAISE OF THE HOLY PROPHET MUHAMMAD (SAW) ( May Allah shower his blessings on him): Zaban ta buwad dar dahan jai-e-gir Sanaye Muhammad buwad Dilpazir زبان تا بود در جهان جائكير ثنائ محمد بود دلبزير Habibey Khuda Ashraf-e- Anbiya Ke arshe majidash buwad muttaka حبيب خدا اشرف انبيأ كه عرش مجيدش بود متكا Sawar-e-Jehangir yakran buraq Ke biguzasht az qasr-i- neeli rawaq سوار جهانكير يكران براق كه بكزشت از قصر نيلى رواق Till, there is tongue alert in the mouth Praise of Muhammad (SAW) shall be liked by heart. He, the friend-- noblest of the prophets, That the honored throne (ARSHI MAJEED) is their cushion to recline. He was the rider of the ‘horse of the universe’ BURAQ, that he crossed across through the blue ceiling—(SKY.) 03) ADRESS TO THE SELF: Chihi sal umrey azizat guzasht Mizajey tu az hale tifli na gasht جهل سال عمر عزيزت كزشت مزاج تو از حال طفلى نه كشت Hama ba hawawu hawas sakhti damey ba masaleh na pardakhti همه با حواؤ هوس ساختى دم با مصالح نه برداختى Makun takia bar umri napayidar Mabash iyman az baziye rozgar مه كن تكيه بر عمر نابايدار مه باش آيمن آز بازئ رؤزكار Forty years of your cherished life are gone, your childish temperament has not turned round. Whole life you have befriended the greed and the desire for possession. Not a single moment you busied yourself with good deeds. Don’t depend upon the short lived life. Don’t be fearless from the deception of time. 04) IN THE SUPERIORITY OF KNOWLEDGE: Bani Adam az ilm yabad kamal Na az hashmat u jaho mal o manal بنى آدم أز علم يابد كمال نه أز حشمت و جاه ومال ومنال Chu shama az paye ilm bayad gudakht Ke be ilm natuwan khuda ra shinakht جو شمع أز بئ علم بايد كداخت كه بى علم نتوان خدا را شناخت Khirad mand bashad talabgari ilm Ke garam ast paiwasta bazaar I ilm خرد مند با شد طلبكار علم كه كرم است بيوسته بازار علم Kase ra ke shud dar azal bakhtyar Talab kardane ilm karad ikhtiyar كسى را كه شد در ازل بختيار طلب كردن علم كرد اختيار Talab kardane ilm kard shud bar tu farz Digar wajib ast az pesh I qatae arz طلب كردن علم كرد شد بر تو فرض دكر واجب است أز بيش قطع ارض Biru damane ilm gir ustuwar Ke ilmat rasanad ba dar ul Qarar برو دامن علم كير استوار كه علمت رساند بر دارالقرار Maya moz juz ilm gar aaqili ke be ilm boodan buwad gafili مياموز جز علم كر عاقلى كه بى علم بودن بود غافلى Tura ilm dar din u dunya tamam ke karey tu az ilm girad nizam ترا علم در دين و دنيا تمام كه كار تو أز علم كيرد نظام The son of Adam finds excellence not by modesty, honor or wealth but through knowledge and resources Like candle one should melt as a person without knowledge can not find God The wise becomes the seeker of the knowledge as the market of knowledge is ever full of warmth. He who is destined to be fortunate prefers /adopts to seek knowledge Seeking knowledge is enjoined upon you, then it is obligatory on your part to dig the earth Go and catch firmly the rope of knowledge It is only the knowledge that shall lead you to the home of peace i.e. the paradise. Don’t learn any thing other than knowledge if you are wise, as to remain without knowledge is to be ignorant. For you it is enough to have knowledge in the religion and the world as with the knowledge you can run your assignment in a proper/befitting manner. 05) IN ALLAH’S CREATION: Turn your eyes up towards this golden dome as this roof is standing without any pillars. You see the rotating/revolving curtain mover at the apex and see the candles lit in there There is one destined to be a watchman and other a king One is demanding and other extracting the tax One is happy and other filled with pain One is successful and other helpless One is possessor of the crown and other a tax payer One is wealthy and other is down to earth One is seated on a gunny bag and other seated on a throne One is dressed in rough jute cloth and other clad in silken clothes One is a beggar and other wealthy. One is a failure and other successful One is drowned in wealth and other in sad state One is full of life and other is dying One is healthy and other a weak person. One is an old man and other in his prime youth One is earning good deeds and other drowned in sins One is busy in praying and other busy in cheating One is busy in good work and having right belief And the other drowned in the river of sins and often busy in fighting. One is of good nature and other of bad nature One is tolerant and other always on war One is in comfort and other in pain One is in hard toil and other has attained his objective One is the ruler in the world of pious men other is a prisoner of the chain of disasters One is residing in the garden of bliss and other living in the company of worry, trouble and hard labor One sends his countless commodities outside for sale and other is worried for a loaf of bread and for the expenses of his family. One is smiling like a flower due to happiness; other has a saddened heart to the extreme. One has put his belt on for offering prayers; other has taken his own age/self to the sin. One has Quran in his hands day and night, other is lying senseless in a corner of the bar One is like a nail fixed on the door of Sharah (strictly religious) and other is wearing the sacred thread in the way of kufur (idolatry) One is full of fortune. Knowledgeable, alert and other full of misfortune mindless, shameful One is brave fighter for defense, alert and challenger depicting his bravery, other is chicken hearted, lazy fearful for his life One is a writer-- the possessor of a heart of the honest conscience (zameer) and other is the one who steals the heart and he too is known as a writer.(dabeer) (Sheikh Saadi Shirazi R.A.) 06) HAZRAT ALI (RA) SAID: I wonder on the proud person who was a drop yesterday and on the coming tomorrow day he shall be foul smelling refuse. I wonder on the person who sees the created universe of Allah and still doubts about His existence I wonder on the person who sees his dying persons around him and still has forgotten the coming event of his death I wonder on the person who sees the first birth and he still doubts the possibility of getting reborn. I wonder on the person who decorates the short lived resting place and forgets the final everlasting destination. HAZRAT ALI (R.A.) was asked, “What is the best wealth of the afterlife?” To which he replied,” It is to serve the Allah’s creation with good intention and to love them” Remember that by the relation of humanity all persons are brothers of each other. (Nahj-ul-Balagah Society Haiderabad A.P). 07) WHY ARE WE HERE? Some say that we are not here by our choice rather we have been ordered to be here for a brief period of a few years and so we are here. Some opine differently saying we are here by choice and not by chance. All our souls were collected together and were asked ALAST-O-BIRABBIKUM --Am I not your Rabb (the Sustainer) we all replied BALA—“Yes Sir” and that was the agreement— thus we have entered into a contract of our choice by uttering this word—Yes. So the Sustainer will not leave us in the learch Just as he has taken the responsibility of our food and nourishment, so has he taken it on Himself to guide us to the right and straight path. Here he has given us the freedom of choice whether to make or mar our everlasting after life by adopting the right course of action prescribed by Him or give in to the temporary pleasures of this very life to leave little for hereafter. As Moulana Rumi says man is made of dust and throughout his life he eats out of the dust as all food stuffs come out of it., thus nourishing his short lived fatty body which goes back to dust. During this brief span of life he is busy in arranging supplies, earning, spending, house building ,marriages of his children etc. and he has no time to think as to what for he has come here and when the end nears he realizes what he had to do but alas that time there is no choice but to leave. If this be the case then an animal who gives his skin to us for making leather goods, gives milk to drink, his flesh to eat and guards us during night ours, when all are in deep slumber. While as we are not capable of all these qualities and still we call ourselves ‘ASHRAF-UL- MAKHLOOQAT—THE BEST OF THE CREATION. Perhaps we are equipped with a higher intellect and that is why this title is given to us. Maulana Rumi says that the deal has been very profitable. The first about two decades of your life go into innocence, the last few years of the old age need rest; it is only the middle portion of a few years of life that one can earn some good reward for the deeds. Thus the contract is very cheap. A few years of chaste life can earn a person an everlasting blissful life, but alas he has no time to think on the subject. Throughout his life he has been busy in earning, spending, eating, dressing, building houses, rearing children ,their marriage etc. and once the last minute comes, he ponders for a moment, oh! What I was supposed to do? But alas there is no time left and he closes his eyes and returns to his mother earth. In fact the human being is comprised of two objects, the one being the perishable body and the other being the imperishable soul. The body and the life span was given to the person for his spiritual upliftment but he gets busy with other diversions. So is the fate of majority of the people and when we compare with older generation, the newer one is more involved in the rat race of competition in financial progress besides possessing more and more of property, which only just changes the hands on the demise of the holder, who enters the next world empty handed, burdened with the deeds performed by him during his life time. A few days back there was a ceremony of inauguration of IRFANUL QURAN written by Mirza Arif Beg and corrected by Dr. Abdur Rahman War in the University of Kashmir, Where many scholars delivered thought inspiring sermons. Though encroaching upon other’s time of five minutes allotted to them. Their sermons had little effect as they were themselves violating the rules in presence of the conscious audience. This has been one of our tragedy that what we say. We don’t act upon it, besides we do not value the time on any occasion, be it marriage invitation gathering or any other job of responsibility .As Lawrence -- the settlement commissioner of Kashmir—wrote a 100 years back in his book –The Valley of Kashmir—That “The pace of life in Kashmir is in consonance with the flow of river Jhelum” and there has taken no change of this situation since then in spite of the fact that computer age demands a faster pace of life. However in the end I asked for an answer to my question while the respected scholars were taking Kashmiri kahwa. ‘Allah says in the Quran that I am nearer to you than your jugular vein, I would like to know which is this spot in the body which is nearer than the Jugular vein. Secondly it is said that there is a Hadith which says, Iblis (Satan) runs through the blood of a person and that is why even Prophet Mohammad (pbh) used to pray for repentance seventy times a day, though he did not need to perform this act yet it was for our teaching. So both Allah and Iblis reside inside the body and the war between the right and wrong is taking place inside one’s body, so I ask when this war is going to end and who is going to win this war in the end? No one could reply with a satisfactory answer 08) BACKGROUND: My application for school admission reads my date of birth as:- 7th Poh,1999 Bikrami—corresponding .to--10th ZILHAJJA . Idd uz Zuha 1361, corresponding to 19 th December 1942. My father Pirzada Mohammad Yasin Shah Sayid, the second son of Pir Ahmad Shah Sayid was educated through local scholars like Pir Husan Shah Wafai, besides his own father. He was tipped for going to Lahore or Deoband for Persian and Arabic courses as arranged by Molvi Mohammad Yousuf Shah-- his cousin, but the luck favored Molvi Mahboob Shah of Zoonimar the other cousin, who returned equipped with the Persian and Arabic learning from the Lahore University and took to the job of teaching in Islamia High School till his end. My father was married to Sarwa Bano, a relation of his, living in Konan Bandipora, daughter of Pir Saaduddin Diwani. It was on her very first child birth that she breathed her last and the infant Mohammad Shafi survived only for one year after his mother’s death. Perhaps poor and unavailable medical treatment was responsible for the poor survival of people then. My father could not recover from the shock and in order to divert his attention, a second marriage was arranged for him in the family of well known scholars of Gankhan Khankahi Mualla..Maryam was her name and she was having three brothers and two sisters , their father being Pir Habibullah Ahmadi/Farooqi/Qadiri, who had served as Imam of the historic mosque at Qaziyar Zainakadal Srinagar for over thirty years and he was 36th progeny from Hazrat Umar (RA) – the second Khalifa in Islam, about whom the prophet Mohammad (PBH) said that if there were any prophet after me it would have been Hazrat Umar (RA), besides it is told that most of the Quran has been revealed in answer to the thoughts rising from the mind of Hazrat Umar (RA) 09) MY MATERNAL LINEAGE:-- SHAJRA MUBARAKA IMAM RUBBANI MUJADDID ALF SANI HAZRAT SHEIKH AHMAD NAQSHBANDI SIRHINDI (RA) ( with extension till date i.e. 1431 AH/2010) 1) Sayidna Hazrat Umar (RA) 2) Sheikh Abdullah (RA) 3) Sheikh Nasir (RA) 4) Sheikh Ibrahim (RA) 5) Sheikh Ishaq (RA) 6) Sheikh Abul Fatah (RA) 7) Sheikh Abdullah (Waiz- i- Akbar) (RA) 8) Sheikh Abdullah (Waiz-i-Asgar) (RA) 9) Sheikh Masood (RA)—He migrated from Arabia to Baghdad Shareef on the insistence of Abbasi Khalifa. 10) Sheikh Sulaiman (RA)—His Murshid was Siri Saqti (RA) 11) Sheikh Mahmood (RA) 12) Sheikh Nasiruddin (RA) 13) Sheikh Shahab ud din (known as Farukh Shah Kabli) He was the ancestor of Hazrat Farid ud din Ganj Shakar and was one among the wazirs of The Sultans of Kabul. He was first among Muslim rulers to attack India and thereafter he captured Iran, Turan, Badakhshan,& Khurasan. He made land settlement among Afghans & Mughals in the kingdom of Afghanistan. In the end he adopted seclusion near Kabul, the place is still called as the Darrai Farukh Shah i.e. Farukh Shah pass. 14) Sheikh Yousuf (RA) He was the successor of his father and went into seclusion in his last days of life. 15) Sheikh Ahmad (RA) Besides getting family education he got khilfat from Sheikh Shahabuddin Suhrawardy. The Khilfat continued to be transferred from father to son till it reached to Imam Rafi ud Din (RA) 16) Sheikh Shuaib (RA) Sheikh Abdullah (RA 17) Sheikh Abdullah (RA) 18) Sheikh Ishaq (RA) 19) Sheikh Yousuf (RA) 20) Sheikh Sulaiman (RA) 21) Sheikh Nasiruddin (RA) 22) Imam Rafi ud Din—He was the founder of the fort of Sirhind Shreef Punjab. He was an embodiment of the outer & inner Knowledge and was the Khalifa of his father. He took advantage from many Mashaikh which number 80 as per recorded history and in the end he settled at Unn near Multan and became the khalifa of Sayid Jalaluddin Bukhari Makhdoomi Jahanyan and he was honored by the Makhdoom sahib to become his Imam. 23) Sheikh Habibullah (RA) 24) Sheikh Abdul Hai (RA) 25) Sheikh Zainul Abidin (RA) 26) Sheikh Abdul Ahad Sirhindi (RA) (d 1007 AH) 27) Hazrat Sheikh Ahmad Sirhindi Kabli Farooqi (Mujaddid Alf Sani) (RA) (d 1034 AH) 28) Hazrat Khwaja Mohammad Masoom Sirhindi (RA) (d 1079 AH) 29) Hazrat Sheikh Mohammad Sibgatullah (RA) (d 1120 AH) 30) Sheikh Mohammad Ismail Ahmadi Bukhari(RA) (d 1153 AH Srinagar) 31) Sheikh Inayatullah Ahmadi (RA) 32) Shah Mohammad Siddiqullah (RA) 33) Hafiz Ahmadullah (RA)(d 1270 AH) 34) Hafiz Waliyullah (RA)—His Murshid Sheikh Ahmad Yasvi (RA) and Sheikh Ahmad Tarabali (RA)(d1309 AH) 35) Hafiz Mohammad Shah Qadiri (RA) 36) Hafiz Mohammad Habibullah Qadiri (RA) 37) Daughter Maryam (RA) (d 1424 AH) 38) Mohammad Ashraf Shah Sayid Fazili So my mother was 37th in the serial from Hazrat Umar. In this dynasty Sheikh Abdullah bin Umar (ra) the second in the serial married Hazrat Fatima daughter of Imam Hassan (ra) and according to Abu Jafar Muhaddis, their progeny falls among Sayid dynasty. It was Sheikh Masood the 9th in the serial who migrated from Hijaz to Baghdad on the persuasion of the Abbasi Khalifas. The 13th in the serial Sheikh Shahabuddin known as Farakh Shah Kabli was the ancestor of Hazrat Masood Ganjshakar who was one among the Ministers of Kabul. He was the first among Muslim rulers who attacked neighboring countries like India and captured the countries of Iran,Turan,Badakhshan,and Khurasan. He made settlement of revenue records among Mughals and Afghans in the Kingdom of Kabul and fixed permanent boundaries, which had remained standing till 1231 AH. In his last days he abandoned the worldly grandeur and went into seclusion at a place near Kabul called Darra Farakh Shah. The 15th in the serial Sheikh Ahmad besides obtaining education from his dynasty ,became Khalifa of Sheikh Shahabuddin Suhrawardy. Thereafter his son sheikh Shuaib became the Khalifa and then his son Sheikh Abdullah got Khilafat from Hazrat Bahauddin Zakaria of Multan and the Khilafat continued to be handed over from father to son till Hazrat Imam Rafi- ud-Din-the 22nd in the serial became the Khalifa. He was the founder of the fort of Sirhind Shareef and was the embodiment of the scholarship of the inner and the outer knowledge. He was the khalifa of his father and got benefitted by the guidance of many Mashaikh of the time, whose number is mentioned in the history books as about 300. In the end he became the Khalifa of Sayid Jalaluddin Bukhari Makhdoomi Jahanyan at the place called Unn at Multan and Makhdoom Sahib (ra) proposed him to be his Imam—the leader in the prayers. Sheikh Ahmad Sirhindi ,Kabli, Farooqi, Mujaddid Alf Sani was the 27th in the serial. He put new life in the Islamic faith and practice after opposing the new mixture of religion promoted by the Mughal King Akbar. The 30th in the serial was Sheikh Mohammad Ismail Ahmadi who travelled to Bukhara and then reached Kashmir via Lahore and is buried in Dabtal Gurgari Mohalla Srinagar in his own compound where Khwaja Habibullah Attar (ra) is also resting which has been made into a grand shrine. The 35th in the serial has been Haji Mohiuddin Miskeen, who has written Kashmir History named, Tarikh-i- Kabir. The 36th in the series has been Hafiz Mohammad Hasan—a great scholar who has written many books on Islamic religion like Khutbat-i- Hasan, Sharhi Aurad-i-I fathia, Sharh-i- Kibrat-i- Ahmar etc. Most of the members are called Hafiz (i.e. who remember whole of the Quran by heart.) My grandfather from mother’s side was Hafiz Mohammad Habibullah—the 36th serial. He led the prayers as Imam of the historic mosque of Qaziyar Zainakadal Srinagar for about 30 years All other ancestors residing in Gankhan on the bank of river Jhelum near the Shrine of Khankah-i-Mualla used to lead the prayers as imams in the historic mosque of Masjid-i- Zainul Aabidin close to the Budshah’s tomb—the burial place of the King Budshah and his ancestors and his progeny, besides other sufi saints. Mirza Haidar Duglat another Mughal who ruled the Kashmir for a brief period is also buried in the same graveyard. My mother Maryam, had three brothers and two sisters. She was the last but one in the order and was the last survival and passed away on 18th September 2003/ 20th Rajab 1424 AH Thursday. She is buried at Umerhair Buchpora near Masjid-i- Bilal adjacent to my father’s grave Jenabi Mohammad Yasin Shah Sayid Fazili who passed away on 15th May 1987/ 17 Ramzan 1407 AH Friday .My father- in- law Khwaja Nazir Ahmad Kashtwari-- retired Under Secretary General Department J&K Government, passed away on 2nd November 2005/ 28th Ramzan 1424 AH. He has been a great inspiration to me and has contributed a lot in framing of my later personality. He has been a person possessing unparallel rarest qualities, which need another book to describe. Similarly my mother-in-law Halima Begum has been a pious huri of paradise living in this world. She would always keep herself busy on prayer rug (Jai Nimaz) and at the same time attend to other jobs of kitchen when required. She passed away on 2nd April 2007/ 11 Rabiulawal 1426 AH .Such pious people are getting rarer with the passage of time May all their souls rest in peace with everlasting blissful life hereafter. Aameen! 10) MY PARENTAL LINEAGE: The handwritten Shajra Nasb by my grand grand father Sheikh Abdul Gani Shah Sayid Zoonimari traces his ancestor to Sheikh Mohammad Moomin- a pious person in knowledge and practice who was initiated into Suhrawardy order directly by Sheikh Baba Daud Khaki (ra) (d 994 AH). His son Sheikh Mohammad Aalam was initiated by his father and was god fearing in knowledge and practice. He was married to Sajida Begum- the daughter of Sheikh Hasan Kamraji son of Sheikh Husain Kamraji the son of Sheikh Gaziud din (Ganesh Koul—who got converted at the hands of Sheikh Hamza Makhdoom Sahib, when Ganesh Koul –Qanoongo i.e the custodian of the law, met the Sheikh Makhdoom under the shade of a chinar) His son Sheikh Mohammad Salih a God fearing in knowledge and practice and busy in tiring worship of Allah initiated by Sheikh Maroof son of Sheikh Mohammad Fazil Zoonimar son of Sheikh Moosa Zoonimari son of Sheikh Gaziuddin . The Governor of the time Ata Mohammad Khan who built the fort of Kohi Maran (Hari Parbath) in Srinagar used to come to him for obtaining his blessings. One day the Khan brought a tray full of gold coins to present to the Pir who refused the same and on insistence he lifted one coin with his thumb and forefinger and on pressing it blood oozed out of it filling whole of the tray with the blood. The khan had no alternative but to surrender. He passed away at the age of 101 years and is burried at Zoonimar.His son Sheikh Mohammad Sabir was initiated by Sheikh Yaqoob Chattabali brother of Sheikh Mohammad Fazil Zoonimari, besides his own father Sheikh Mohammad Salih. He was God fearing in knowledge and practice and had reached to the climax of the inner and outer knowledge and practice. The Governor of the time Sheikh Ghulam Mohiuddin and other nobles of the city used to attend his place for inviting his blessings. He passed away at the age of 89 years and is buried in Zoonimar. His son Sheikh Mohammad Tajuddin was initiated by his uncle Sheikh Abdurrahman Khoihami. His wife was from Peshawur. I was told by Pir Mahboob Shah one cousin of my father that he had received a letter from Molvi Mohammad Yousuf Shah-the Mirwaiz from Lahore stating that while paying aid to by cash to the Kashmiri migrants, while all got Rs. 5000 per head, I was given the double amount of Rs. 10,000 on hearing by the concerned commissioner that my mother was from the family of Taj Sahib as the commissioner happened to be his disciple, besides having a relation with him.Taj Sahib passed away on 6th Shawal 1306 AH at the age of 95 years. From the revenue records obtained by me from the Muhafiz Khana, his name is recorded as Taj Shah Sayid. His son Sheikh Abdul Gani Shah Sayid Zoonimari was initiated by his father. He had four sons and three daughters. One of his daughters was married to Molvi Rasool Shah—the Mirwaiz of Kashmir, the founder of Anjuman- i- Nusratul Islam. It is said that he had no child even after two decades of marriage. One day the couple stayed at Zoonimar at Gani Sahib’s house. In the morning Mirwaiz Rasool Shah went out for a walk and met a sufi saint absorbed in other world. The saint gave the Mirwaiz two apples.On asking he disclosed the matter to Gani Sahib, who predicted birth of two sons; one would die after attaining youth and the other would make their dynasty famous and the prophecy came true with the birth and the death of one son and the second son was Molvi Mohammad Yousuf Shah the Mirwaiz of Kashmir, who migrated to Azad Kashmir in 1947 and found time to translate Quran into Kashmiri language for the first time.It is said that he too had no child for over two decades and he adopted his nephew Molvi Mohammad Yasin the son of Molvi Mohammad Yahya residing at Naid yar Srinagar. However Molvi Yousuf Shah got a son born to his wife after his maternal uncle Per Ahmad Shah Sayid—my grand father gave him a talisman (taweez).On his departure to Azad Kashmir, he had attended our home one night before and had given me a five rupee note which was preserved by my father. We had preserved certain letters from him and in one he greets me on passing my degree in engineering. This late birth of Molvi Mohammad Ahmad Shah as a result of the prayer of my grand father was confirmed by Molvi Mohammad Ahmed Shah When I met him last on his visit to the valley. He said that his mother would often relate this episode to him. Another story related to me, by one of the relatives belonging to Mayan Uri stated that the spouse of Pir Abdul GaniShah Sayid Zoonimari was one of the nephews of Baba Daud Mishkwati (RA) –buried at Ganderpora Idgah Srinagar.It was Molvi Kabir a relative of Baba Daud Mishkwati who migrated from Ganderpora Idgah to Mayan Uri. The cause leading to his migration has been that one Raja Zabardast Khan of Khatana Uri rebelled against the Maharaja Partab Singh, for which he was chained by neck in the prison. In a helpless situation ,the Raja took one of the prison employees into confidence and asked him to convey a request of prayer for his release to some spiritual saint- known to the employee. Molvi Kabir of Ganderpora being a famous Pir was approached by the prison employee, who gave him a piece of paper written and folded and asked the employee to tell the Raja to keep this folded paper in his ear and wait for the middle of night. Having done all this, the Raja found his chains opened at midnight and some person carries the Raja all the way to his home at Uri. The home people get surprised to see the Raja with his long nails and long hair grown to him. The Raja takes a bath and puts on the Raja’s dress but early in the morning the men of Maharaja reach his house searching for him and carry him back in to the durbar of Maharaja. Who orders him to beheaded, but when the sword is lifted, the throne of the Maharaja gets overturned and on enquiry the whole story is told by the Raja. On this the Maharaja sets him free and restores him back his area. The Raja stays for a week in the house of Maulana Kabir and requested him to accompany him to his place at Uri. On reaching Mayan the Raja selects a piece of land in thick forests and orders the construction of a house for Molvi Kabir . Thus Raja Zabardast Khan prevailed upon Moulana Kabir to shift to Mayan Uri. This was the reason why the inlaws of Gani Sahib migrated to Mayan Uri later on one son of Gani Sahib also got married in Mayan in the same family of Pirzada’s. Another story told by one of the cousins Pir Shareef Sahib is that Gani Sahib used to pray on a round grass mat ( called Tsangiji in Kashmiri) laid in one of the small rooms of the personal mosque which is still standing at Zoonimar. One day a disciple was in the room and Gani Sahib had to go out for some work. Gani Sahib advised the disciple not to put his foot on the mat. The disciple was curious to see what would happen and he stepped over the mat. When Gani sahib returned he found the disciple missing. He asked the people around to search for the missing person and to their surprise he was found with both hands and legs tied with rope and lying in a bush of sooi grass. (sooi grass causes lot of pain when touched and the pain does not go even after hours together). Perhaps it was a test to his discipleship. The second daughter of Gani Sahib was married to Pir Mufti Nasruddin Diwani of Konan Bandipora. They got a son named Mufti Hisamuddin Diwani- a pious scholar, Mufti, Hakim and most soft spoken person I have yet to see. His one son is settled in Tujar sharif besides his one daughter. Another son is residing in Konan Bandipora. His other two daughters are married to a Makhdoomi family at Makhdoom sahib and one among these has settled in Kerala. Another eldest son Abdu- r-Rashid got killed in 1947 riots in Deoband Punjab.The second son Abdul Hamid Diwani passed away a few years back in Azad Kashmir The third daughter of Gani Sahib was married to Pir Mohammad Yousuf of Kaich Budgam.Their progeny continues to reside there and Molvi Mahboob Shah Zoonimari has married one of his daughters in that house. One son of Gani Sahib Pir Mustafa Shah migrated to Urapash Ganderbal as pulled by his preceptor Rasool Shah, whose shrine is preserved in Urapash. Pir Mustafa Shah was married to the sister of Pir Hisamuddin Diwani of Konan Bandipora from whom they had the only son Pir Mohammad Amin Shah Fazili who was married to my cousin Amina Bano-- the daughter of Pir Ghulam Mohammad Shah sayid Fazili. The other two sons Pir Rasool Shah and Pir Mohammad Shah continued to reside in their ancestral house at Zoonimar. The fourth son Pir Ahmad Shah got married to the daughter of Khwaja Ahmad Shah Dedmari residing at Kalal Doori Naid Kadal Srinagar.He purchased a piece of land at Kalal Doori and built a house over there. Himself he established a school at Midroo Tral and taught Arabic, Persian and other courses there. When a few years back I visited the spot at Tral, I found an old man over there who remembered the establishment of the school by my grand father. He stated that Pir Ahmad Shah had made a blind man to memorize Masnavi of Movlana Roomi and after the departure of Pir Ahmad Shah on the death of his father Pir Abdul Gani Shah Sayid Zoonimari in 1335 AH at Zoonimar, the old man had learnt the remaining lessons from that very blind man. Such was the quest for learning those days, when to get a teacher was also a good luck, being a rare commodity. The arrangement for the space for the school was also made in a dramatic manner. When the Zaildar of the area had refused to provide the land being honored by the people as a ruler, however he agreed to make the space available only after he received a slap from the Pir sahib in presence of the public around. Pir Ahmad Shah performed Imamat in the historic Lali Masjid at Naid Kadal and at Dasli Masjid in Pandan Malaratta for about 30 years. He also taught Quran to hundreds of children, many among whom still meet me to tell about those glamourous days. However I being an infant when he left this world have no idea of his person. However my mother told me that when he breathed his last he asked for arranging his bath and then asked my father to read loudly the toba—the prayer of repentence from the sins written by himself and asked permission from each member of the family around including his brother who just entered the scene at that very moment with a bunch of daffodils in his hand and when my mother asked Pir Sahib what to do with this child, his words were that he should be given education and thus he left this world in a conscience manner .He was buried at the grave yard of Khwaja Azam Dedamari—the great historian and spiritual saint near the shrine of Baha-ud-Din Ganj Bakhsh (RA) Srinagar. May his soul rest in everlasting bliss and peace. Aamin! Pir Ahmad Shah had two sons, Pirzada Ghulam Mohammad Shah Sayid and Pirzada Mohammad Yasin Shah Sayid. The former had three sons and two daughters namely Pirzada Ghulam Rasool Shah Sayid, Pirzada Mohammad Yousuf Shah Sayid, Pirzada Ghulam Ahmad Shah Sayid, Amina Bano, Atiqa Bano and the later had only one son Pirzada Mohammad Ashraf Shah Sayid and that is me. My father passed away on 17 th, Ramzan 1407 AH/ 15th May 1987 i.e. (Jang-i-Badr day—Friday in the night hours at the time he used to pray for Tahajjud) and was buried at Umer Hair near Bilal Mosque. My mother passed away on 29th rajab 1424 AH/ 18th September 2003 and is buried by the side of my father. That was about our immediate ancestors. The oldest written record that we possess mentions that Sayid Baqir came from Iran and lies buried at village Thune near Wusan Kangan. He was accompanied by 1002 persons and passed away in 655AH.i.e. before the conversion of Rinchen Shah in /1320AD. The other record we possess is Arabic commentary of Sura Fatah of the Holy Quran,the last page written by Syed Sadruddin Mohammad Abul Safa Husaini in 691 AH, again before the advent of Bulbul Shah (ra) and Shahi Hamdan (ra) who left this place in 786AH.Another hand written document is Awrad of Hazrat Bahauddin Zakaria of Multan who passed away in 666 AH.There is also a travelogue in Persian language of holy places of Islam in Central Asia in the time of Hazrat Abdur-r-Rahman Jami (RAa) (d 898 AH). My parental lineage is getting traced to Hazrat Sayid Jalaluddin Bukhari Makhdoomi Azam Sharifullah Mir Surkh Abul Barakat Shershah born in Bukhara Shareef and migrated to Ucha Multan—(an old place near PANJNAD—Where five rivers meet) (d 490 AH /1091 AD) and was initiated into Suhrawardia order by Hazrat Bahauddin Zakaria Multani (ra) He was 17th in the serial of progeny from The Prophet Mohammad (pbh) He had five sons namely Sayid Ali, Sayid Jafar, Sayid Ahmad Kabir, Sayid Sadruddin Mohammad Gous, Sayid Bahauddin. His shrine is located in Ucha Multan, He was married to the daughter of Sayid Budruddin Phakri on the instructions of the prophet Mohammad (pbh) in the dream to both the sides. One of his sons Sayid Ahmad Kabir Bukhari had three sons (1) Makhdoomi Jahaniyan Jahangasht (ra) who was born in Ucha Multan and had his initial education from his uncle Sayid Sadruddin Mohammad Bukhari (ra). He travelled far and wide and got the title Jahan Gasht--.i.e. he who travels around the world. He visited Kashmir in 748 AH and was welcomed by the woman saint of the time Bibi Lalla Arifa on reaching Herapora a village at Shopian South Kashmir.. This was the time when Sultan Qutbuddin was ruling the country. The second son of Sayid Ahmad Kabir was Makhdoom Sayid Sadruddin Raju Qatal and the third son was Sayid Ali. The 20th in the serial of the lineage is his son Hazrat Sayid Mahmood known as Sayid Naasiruddin Bukhari. The 21st serial is his son Hazrat Sayid Alauddin Bukhari who reached Kashmir along with Mir Sayid Ali Hamdani in 785 AH. He stayed for 12 years at Sikandarpora Tehsil Beerwah Budgam. He passed away in 803 AH and is buried in the premises of the tomb of King Zainul Aabidin Budshah at Zainakadal Srinagar. The 6th in the serial from Makhdoom Jahaniyan i.e. 25th from the Prophet (pbh) was Hazrat Sayid Jamaluddin Bukhari the Khalifa of Haji Abdul Wahab who reached Kashmir in the time of Sultans and initiated Hazrat Sheikh Hamza Makhddom Kashmiri into Suhrawardy order and stayed in Kashmir for about six months. The Shajra Nasb of Sayid Jalaluddin Mir Surkh Bukhari is as under: 1) Hazrat Mohammad (pbh) 2) Hazrat Ali Murtaza (ra) 3) Hazrat Imami Husain (ra) 4) Imam zainul aabidin (ra) 5) Imam Baqir (ra) 6) Imam Jafar Sadiq (ra) 7) Imam Musa Kazim (ra) 8) Imam Ali Raza (ra) 9) Imam Mohammad Taqi (ra) 10) Imam Ali Naqi (ra) 11) Sayid Ali Ashhar (ra) 12) Sayid Abdullah (ra) 13) Sayid Ahmad (ra) 14) Sayid Mahmood Bukhari (ra) 15) Sayid Jafar bukhari (ra) 16) Hazrat Aliabil Muaid Bukhari 9ra) 17) Sayid Jalal Azam Bukhari (ra)—Sayid Jalaluddin Mir Surkh Bukhari 18) Hazrat Ahmad Kabirul Haq bukhari 19) Hazrat Sayid Jalaluddin Makhdoomi Jahan Gasht (ra) 20) ---Hazrat Sayid Mahmood Naasir-ud-Din (ra) 21) ---Hazrat Sayid Rukn-ud-Din Abul Fatah (ra) 22) ---Hazrat Sayid Mahmood Abul Qasim (ra) 23) ---Haztat Sayid Mohammad (ra) 24) ---Hazrat Sayid Haamid (ra) 25) –Hazrat Makhdoom Sheikh Haji Abdul Wahab Bukhari Dehlavi (ra) 26) Sayid Jamaluddin Bukhari (ra)—the Murshid of Hazrat Sheikh Hamza Kashmiri (RA) Hazrat Baba Daud Khaki (RA) describes the shajra nasb of Sayed Jalal-ud-Din as under: Syed Jalal-ud Din S/O Syed Ali S/O Syed Jafar S/O Sayed Mohammad S/O Sayed Mahmood S/O Sayed Ahmad S/O Sayed Abdullah S/O Sayed Ali Ashqar S/O Sayed Jafar shafi S/O Sayed Ali AlHadi Alnaqi S/O Al Imam Al Jawad Altaqi S/O Ali S/O Mosa Raza S/o Imam –ul- Alam Moosa Kazim S/O Imam Jafar Sadiq S/O Imam alnasir Mohammad Albaqir S/O Imam Zain-ul-Aabidin S/O Imam Shahid Hazrat Imam Husain (AH) S/O Imam Ali Murtaza husband of Hazrat Fatima Zuhra (RA) S in law/ and Cousin/O Hazrat Muhammad Al Mustafa (PBH) He also narrates that Hazrat Sayed Jamal-ud- Din Bukhari occupies a place of pride by his order and that of his Khalifa’s in the group of the Guides of Suhrawardya silsila of Qutb-i-Alam (Makhdoom Sayed Jalal-ud-Din Bukhari) The order of Khalifas is as under: Sayed Jamal-ud-Din Syed Sadr-ud-Din Bukhari Makhdoom Haji Abdul Wahab Dehlavi ( his brother) Makhdoom Sayed Haamid Uchi Bukhari Makhdoom Sayed Muhammad (his father) Makhdoom Sheikh Sayed Mahmood Abul Qasim (his brother) Sheikh Sayed Rukn-ud-Din Abul Fatah (his father) Sheikh Sayed Haamid Kabir (his father) Sheikh Sayed Mahmood Naasir-ud-Din (his father) Makhdoom-i- Jahaniyan Qutb-i-Alam Amir-i-Kabir Sheikh Sayed Jalal-ud- Din Hasani –ul-Husaini Bukhari (RA) By another means Sheikh Sayed Haamid Kabir had the Khilafat of Sheikh Zain-ul- Aabidin also, who in turn had it from Sheikh Kabir-ud-Din who in turn had it from Shaikh Sayed Sadr-ud-Din Muhammad known as Sheikh Raju Qital and he in turn had the Khilafat from his brother Makhdoom-i- Jahaniyan Jahan Gasht Hazrat Sheikh Hamza Makhdoom Kashmiri had His disciple Hazrat Sheikh Baba Daud Khaki (RA) His disciple was Sheikh Mohammad Moomin Shah Sayid Suhrawardy (RA) (the ancestor of the author) F/O Sheikh Mohammad Alam Shah Sayid Suhrawardy Zoonimari F/O Sheikh Mohammad Salih Shah Sayid Suhrawardy Fazili Zoonimari F/O Sheikh Mohammad Sabir Shah Sayid Suhrawardy Fazili Zoonimari F/O Sheikh Mohammad Tajuddin Shah Sayid Suhrawardy Fazili Zoonimari F/O Sheikh Abdul Gani Shah Sayid Suhrawardy Fazili Zoonimari F/O Pir Ghulam Ahmad Shah Sayid Fazili—settled at Kalal Doori Naid Kadal Srinagar. F/O Pirzada Mohammad Yasin Shah Sayid Fazili—settled at Bachpora Srinagar F/O Pirzada Mohammad Ashraf Shah Sayid Fazili—r/o Bachpora Srinagar Kashmir(Author) 11) A MANUSCRIPT—ROYAL ORDER (SHAHI FARMAN) Another manuscript (SHAHI FIRMAN) in Persian language which is well preserved by all the chain of the ancestors, the writer of the manuscript describes that his ancestors came from Wilayat ( a name ascribed to the countries like Saudi Arabia, Central Asia, Afghanistan, Middle East). It states that if you feel it necessary to bring the Panjawand (Punjab) country into captivity, you will have to encounter the lions of the plains and the tough soldiers and that time your bravery shall be put to real test and you will know as to how the iron cuts the iron. “If you are a king then God will bestow the country to any one of us in the battle field”. I am waiting to have your glimpse on the way and if you come in this manner, you will be received with a grand reception. No need to tell you any thing further. Chapter 2: Now when the royal order (Hukmi Alam Tab Hukmi Khaqani Zilli Subhani) has dawned from the horizon of kindness. We bestow the governance of the province of Rahimabad from the crop time of khariff to Umdatul Mulk Mubarazuddin Khan Bahadur. The reign of all the powers we hand over to him, since we like his expertise, generosity and bravery. No stone should be left unturned in his obedience. Keep us informed about the condition of the people over there so that no cruel person coerces any weak person..The straight-forward behavior and truthfulness must be the result of the fair dealings with public and the employees and landlords (Jagirdars) must be made accountable. Whoever turns away from our obedience, he should be warned in such a manner that others take a lesson from it. Whatever event takes place, should always be brought in to our notice. The yearly tax like elephants, horses besides other things presented by the people living near foothills should be dispatched to our durbar. All the army officers or those appointed in other fields in this province , all those persons should consider the Sobedar Umdatul Mulk as a permanent Subedar and should not act beyond his advice and farsightedness.He has got to be obeyed .Any complaints made in his durbar about any one need got to be got rectified. Any jagirdar who disobeys his advice, the Sobedar should change his jagir and submit report to us, so that we depute some one else in his place. No violation of the orders be done in this connection. That is why these orders have been issued by us. It is also enjoined up on us that we should bring the God’s creation on the straight path after pulling them out of the narrow lanes of straying darkness (i.e. guide them )But all these things are possible to be achieved when we appoint a pious religious Qazi (justice) in each city.so that people can see the example of patience and piety. Since all these qualities are are found in Khwaja Gayasuddin, so we shall bestow this grand post to him and he should immediately try to decide all the cases according to shariah with full attention, and whichever case is presented to him, he should act according to shariah without leaving behind the fundamentals of religiousness. The futwa based on shariah should be issued in such a manner that he should be able to bear the responsibility on the day of judgment hereafter. It is enjoined up on the common people that they should consider such a Qazi as a permanent one and obey and honor him and whichever worldly or religious matter is presented to him, they should according to his opinion. Whomever the Qazi appoints his deputy in exceptional circumstances , he should accept his invitation and obey him and act on his advice, which shall reflect the obedience of the King. His orders should be listened with conscious ears and without any violation. He should be obeyed by the person to whom he serves the orders. Since it has come to our notice that Khwaja Mohammad Baqir is famous for the able administration and bravery. So as per the royal procedure we assign the protection and kotwali of Daulatabad. He should ensure to adopt the path of truthfulness and remain abreast of the people’s plight, so that the people over there remaining safe in the cradle of peace live happily free from worries and pray and seek from God the betterment of the everlasting kingdom. They should be particularly careful not to be carried away by the rumors. The people should be forbidden from such acts, so that no unrest takes place among them and he should show sympathy to the people to such an extant that he shall be able to pass the test of having discharged his responsibility amicably on the dooms day. The prices of food stuffs and other commodities should be kept in a balance so that the crops don’t become costly. All the events should be brought in our notice. It is the responsibility of the people over there to obey the Kotwal and not act against his orders, thereby avoid violation of our orders. We hereby order the allotment of 300 bighas of uncultivated land from Pargana Allahdadpur which is his native place for helping his domestic maintenance to Sheikh Abdul Gaffar and his sons to enable him to utilize every year it’s income from the crops grown therein, on his own expenses and pray to Allah for our governance and administration. The chowkidar or the officials of the area must handover the crops to Sheikh Abdul gaffer and they should ensure no hindrance to him in the collection of all income, royal tax or fine amount and do not demand to issue new orders repeatedly, neither disobey his orders. From the history book –“The Later Moghuls” page 137 to page 154 the following extract references have been recorded to know about this Mubariz Khan under reference, which may provide a clue to the manuscript referred above. (Page 137)---“ On the 3rd Feb. 1724, before the wazir had fully shown his hand a firman was handed over to Abdul Majid Khan son of Mubariz khan, governor of Hyderabad appointing his father to the whole Dakhin as deputy for the infant Prince Shaharyar Shah and not long after upon the death of this infant, the appointment was confirmed to Mubariz Khan in his own name.” Page 138---“Mubariz Khan the then governor of Hyderabad, who was thus set up as a rival to Nizam-ul-mulk, was a native of Bulkh, Khwaja Muhammad by name. In 1137 H, (1724) he was a little over sixty years of age. His mother had brought him to Hindustan when he was a boy. After a time he obtained imperial employ in various offices at the Court; and finally secured his position by marrying a daughter of Inayatullah Khan Kashmiri, a man high in Alamgir’s favour. He was made Bakhshi to Alamgir’s youngest son kam Bakhsh, and afterwords faujdar of Sangamner. The first title given him was that of Amanat Khan; and in the 47th year of Alamgir (1114-1115 H., 1703-4) the faujdari of Baizapur, about 48 miles from Aurangabad, was added to his former district. In Bahadur Shah’s reign he was in charge of Surat : the then Wazir, Munim Khan, having the very highest opinion opf his good qualities, which he held to be established by his very appearance. He was promoted on the death of Ghazi-ud din Khan Firoz Jung, in 1122 H.-(1710) to the Government of Ahmadabad Gujarat. Jahandar Shah (1712) removed him to the charge of Malwa, and for his victory over Islam Khan of rampura in that province he was created Shahamat Khan. Early in Farrukh-siyar’s reign (1713) he again received the Government of Gujarat, but had held it only two weeks when he was superseded by Daud Khan Panni. He was transferred to the province of Hyderabad in the Dakhin, and finally received the titles of Imad-ul-mulk, Mubariz Khan Bahadur, Hizbul Jang. He ruled in Hyderabad for nearly twelve years. Finally Mubariz khan was killed in the battle he faught against his rival Nizam-ul mulk and was buried in the plain outside the town of Shakar-khera (now called Fateh- Khera). Later on the son of Mubariz Khan, Khwaja Ahmad Khan was made Shahamat Khan and Khwaja Mahmud Khan became Mubariz Khan after Nizam-ul-mulk occupied the city of Hyderabad and the country around it. G.M.D.Sufi’s” Kashir” page 290 quotes about Mir Inayatullah Khan Kashmiri Nasir-ud-Din Muhammad Shah ascended the throne of Delhi in1719 A.C. Muhammad Shah invested Mir Inayatullah Khan with the Governorship of Kashmir. Inayatullah khan was a Kashmiri by birth, and was descended from Qazi Musa Shahid who was killed in Yakub Shah Chak’s days. Inayatullah was origionally Mir Inayatullah, and later became known as Mir Inayatullah Khan. He had six sons of whom the more notable were : the elder Hidayatullah known first as Wazarat Khan, then as Sa’dullah Khan Mir-i-Saman,and 2) the younger son was Atiullah Khan who was given as title his father’s name”Inayatullah Khan”. Mir Inayatullah is known in Kashmir as Yanna Sur as he built the wall or sor of Hazrat Makhddum’s mausoleum. Yanna being nicknamed from Inayatullah. His mother, -Hafiza Maryam, taught the ladies of the royal seraglio in the days of Aurangzeb Alamgir, notably Zeb-un Nisa. Hafiza Maryam's mother Jan Begum, the daughter of Mulla Sharif Mir Adl taught the princesses in the Shah Jahan’s time. Aurangzeb Alamgir had such a great confidence in Inayatullah’s ability that he made him Vazlr-i-Azam, when Nawab Umdatul Mulk Madar-ul-Maham Jafar Khan, the Prime Minister of the realm was ill. Inayatullah compiled the Ahkami-Alamgiri. All signed royal commands were collected and edited by him under the title of “Kalimati- Tayibat” Alamgir had a high opinion of Inayatullah's literary attainments and was impressed by his diction, style & mode of calligraphy. Inayatullah was handsome, good natured, grave and scrupulously honest. He was simple in his habits and loved to mix with fuqra or friars. In1724 A.C=1137 Ah, Inayatullah was reappointed governor of Kashmir, third time but died after a few months at Delhi. 12) MANUSCRIPT OF SHEIKH ABDUL HAQ MUHADDIS DEHLAVI (RA) Another manuscript we have is written by Sheikh Abdul Haq Muhaddis Dehlavi (RA) dated 10th Rabi-us-Sani 1018 AH.This pertains to the Shajra of five silsila’s i.e..Alqadirya, Alshazilya, Almadinya, Alchishtya, Alnaqshbandya starting from the Prophet Muhammad (PBH) up to Sheikh Muhaddis Dehlvi and then to Khwaja Haider bin Feroz Kashmiri the contemporary brother in Allah (Al Akhun Fillah) of our ancestor Sheikh Mohammad Moomin Shah Sayid Suhrawardy (RA). A similar manuscript is on 14 pages handwritten by Khwaja Azam Dedmari—the historian and the sofi saint. This is Shajra of five silsila’s namely Kubravia, Qadirya, Suhrawardya, Naqshbandya,Chishtya starting from the Prophet Mohammad (PBH) up to Sheikh Mohammad Murad (d 1160 AH)—the murshid of Khwaja Azam Dedmari (d 1179 AH). There are many more manuscripts which have no beginning or end pages; some pertain to travelogue in Muslim Countries of Central Asia like Bukhara, Tashqand, Samarqand, Heart etc. Some pertain to Sufism or various types of worship in which earlier people would remain busy round the clock. Some of the manuscripts are the hand written pamphlets of Hazrat Amir-i-Kabir Mir Sayid Ali Hamdani (RA) written by Khwaja Amir-ud-Din Pakhliwal. Some manuscripts are pertaining to the Naqshbandi silsila of sheikh Ahmad Sirhindi (RA) and his descendants. This was some information about our ancestors, part of which I have tried to cover in my book in three volumes, “Hamare Aslaf aur Mashaikh-i-Kashmir.’ A) MY EARLY DAYS (1942-1948): 13) MY BIRTH, CHILDHOOD AND SCHOOL DAYS: The child survived from the first wife of my father Mohammad Shafi was brought up by my mother—the second spouse of my father till he was of one year of age and to the dismay of the family he also left this abode. None of the four babies born to my mother after having a couple of scissoring operations survived except one Abdul Gani for about a year or so. So it called for some spiritual support and after approaching some saintly person for praying for a surviving child, I was told by my mother that she had a dream, when she saw a baby wrapped in pashmina shawl being given by an attendant at Hazratbal Srinagar and after the passage of nine months another scissoring brought me out in this world. All my childhood I have been receiving extra care, being the only son of my parents. I was not allowed to mix with rough children and even from the nearby school I had to ensure return in time. My mother would teach me how to spell words of Quran when I would be in her lap while she was cooking food on fire hearth. I still remember she tried to teach me the tajwid of the word “MABSOOSA”, Where ‘S’ is to be pronounced as ‘TH’ using teeth and tongue only, besides sentences of the Urdu primer saying ‘Huqqa na pi, yeh burry aadat hay’ i.e. ‘Do not smoke, It is a bad habit’, thereby simultaneously imparting me with the moral education. My father would give me lessons on the learning of the alphabets of Arabic, Urdu and even English at this very early stage. The saint who had prayed for my survival had asked my parents to distribute a special kind of bread called ROTH in Kashmiri on my every birthday which fell on Id-uz-Zuha and on 12th birthday have a ram killed and distributed among neighbors and relatives. My mother would meet the expenses for all this by spinning pashmina yarn. I was sent to nearby maktaba to learn recitation of the Quran at the age of five years, in which I completed the same besides memorizing some lengthy sura’s of the Quran. I was the youngest student attending the maktaba and I was afraid to see the long staff of the Molvi Sahib which served as a deterrent to ensure memorizing of the lessons. I was too shy to even hand over the fees of one anna on every Tuesday to Molvi Sahib, which would be found in my pocket by my parents and they would pass it on to the Molvi Sahib later on themselves. One reason of not allowing me to play with the children of neighbors was that one day while playing there was a spot where there had been well, which had turned hollow below the ground level and now on stepping on its surface it gave in and I remained clutched to the top surface while the rest of my body was inside the well. It took time for some elder person to come to rescue me from dropping down. This caused a stir in our family. On another occasion a piece of glass entered my

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