On Level Terms
An Inside Look at Some of the Legal Battles that Have Influenced Soccer in the Modern Era
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Soccer (or football as it's called throughout most of the world) has long been described as "The Beautiful Game." The elegance of its passing, the precision of its goals, and the passion of its fans, all contribute in no small part to its mass appeal. A well-played match is indeed a beautiful thing. But there is more to soccer than what transpires on the pitch. In fact, the behind-the-scenes machinations of lawyers, managers, owners, players, and the leagues themselves influences what we see to a degree we probably have never even considered.

On Level Terms: 10 Legal Battles that Tested and Shaped Soccer in the Modern Era gives readers an inside look at ten cases (in the United States and Europe) that have had a lasting influence on the game as we know it today.

From the demise of the North American Soccer League (NASL) and the rise of Major League Soccer (MLS) in the United States to prosecution of former England captain John Terry for alleged racist conduct and Belgian journeyman Jean-Marc Bosman's quest to gain free agency for all players in Europe, On Level Terms is the first book of its kind to examine the world's most popular sport from a legal perspective.


Ted Philipakos is an agent and consultant in the area of professional soccer who has worked with players and clubs around the world, most notably in the United States and Greece, over the last 10 years. He also serves as a part-time faculty member at New York University's Preston Robert Tisch Center for Hospitality, Tourism, and Sports Management.


Foreword by Garth Lagerwey, General Manager of Real Salt Lake (MLS)
Chapter One: Fraser v. MLS
Chapter Two: The NASL and the NASL Players Association
Chapter Three: NASL v. NFL
Chapter Four: ChampionsWorld v. United States Soccer Federation
Chapter Five: Namoff v. D.C. United
Chapter Six: R v. Terry
Chapter Seven: Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs v. The Football League
Chapter Eight: Union Royale Belge des Societes de Football Association v. Bosman
Chapter Nine: UEFA and FIFA v. Commission
Chapter Ten: Feyenoord v. UEFA


"If you want to understand the game of soccer at its comprehensive best, watch the German national team. If you want to understand the legal and financial foundations of the world’s game, let Ted Philipakos explain. "On Level Terms" explores the ramifications of landmark cases like the Bosman ruling, deconstructs Major League Soccer’s single-entity model and addresses issues of race, injuries and media. This book is an important addition to the bookshelves of industry professionals and inquisitive fans alike."

--Steven Goff, Washington Post sports writer