Jihad

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English

The tragic news of numerous ISIS-inspired massacres around the world, in conjunction with the recent failed political coup against Erdogan in Turkey, have raised the specter of an ideological struggle that is more than a century old. As the West struggles with the consequences and implications of its "War on Terror," parallels with the "First Jihad" become increasingly manifest. The sprawling Ottoman Empire was at its nadir by November 1914, when she declared a jihad—Holy War—against the Allied Powers and threw in her lot with Germany, a disastrous decision that set in chain a series of cataclysmic events that culminated in the final demise of an ancient regime and the emergence of a modern secular republic. The first jihad in the Arab world since the Crusades was to continue long after the official Armistice of 1918, as a defeated empire faced a renascent Greece seeking to re-establish hegemony over Anatolia; a Holy War which caused outrage throughout the Muslim World, threatened British paramountcy in India, diplomatic relations with close allies and the political unity of her empire. Confronted with the indefatigable resistance of one man, Kemal Ataturk, Greek dreams ended in ashes, whilst the stubborn support of Lloyd George for his ally resulted in his own political extinction. It is the story of steely determination against expediency, and of dogged bravery in the face of brazen territorial expansionism.

English

Andrew Hyde was a major contributor to the three volume work The Blitz: Then and Now, and is the author of Pearl Harbor: Then and Now. In 2007 he appeared in a Timewatch program, The First Blitz, based upon his book.
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