Wheelchair Selection and Configuration
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More About This Title Wheelchair Selection and Configuration


This is the definitive text for everyone concerned with wheelchair selection, including physical and occupational therapists, physiatrists, and other health care providers involved with helping patients to achieve optimal seating. Chapters discuss wheelchair measurement, engineering fundamentals, biomechanics, electronics, and standards. Various types of wheelchairs are considered, including manual, powered, specialized, and sports chairs; the selection of seat cushions and specialized seating systems are considered in depth, and assessment and intervention are reviewed. The audience for this book includes undergraduate and graduate students studying occupational therapy, physical therapy, rehabilitation science, and rehabilitation engineering. It also is a suitable reference for professionals in engineering and the health professions. It assumes that the reader has a working knowledge of human anatomy, human physiology, and physics. Some exposure to clinical practice also is beneficial. Each chapter opens with a set of goals that orient the reader to the material covered. For example, the goals of the chapter Wheelchair Engineering Fundamentals are: To understand mechanical and material properties To understand the relationship between technology and its environment To know how to problem-solve and integrate technical and functional informationTo understand the roles, constraints, and perspectives of designers and fabricators Extensive illustrations guide the reader through all concepts of wheelchair design and prescription.Wheelchairs as an Extension of Self; History of Wheelchairs and Seating Systems; Advocacy and Technology: Partners for a Better Life; Disability and Wheelchair Users; Maximizing Abilities; Building Coalitions: The Concept of Interdependence; Get Out There; Wheelchair Measurement; Body Measurements; Standardized Wheelchair Seating Measurements; Wheelchair Engineering Fundamentals; Fundamental; Mechanics of Motion; Basic Mechanics of Material; Properties of Materials; Fabrication; Biomechanics and Ergonomics of Wheelchairs; Wheelchair User Disability Etiology; Anthropometry Related to Wheelchairs and Seating; Secondary Injury Related to Wheelchair Mobility; Physical Activity and Wheelchair Propulsion; Biomechanics of Wheelchair Propulsion; Biomechanics of Seating; Access System Biomechanics; Wheelchair Electronics Fundamentals; Basic Electrical Parameters; Basic Electronic Components; Basic Electrical Safety; Electromechanical Components; Basic Computers; Wheelchair Standards and Testing; Development of Standards; Information Disclosure; Performance Testing; Sample Normative Values; Safety Testing; Cost Analysis; Reliability and Failure Modes; Manual Wheelchairs; Frame Styles; Wheels and Casters; The Wheelchair User Interface; Leg rests; Armrests and Clothing Guards; Wheel Locks; Propulsion and Performance; Powered Mobility; Differentiation of Powered Wheelchairs; Assessment and Selection; Access Devices; Integrated Controls; Batteries; Electrical Systems; Drive Trains; Performance Characteristics; Specialized Wheelchairs; Reclining Wheelchairs; Tilt-in-Space Wheelchairs; Variable Seat Height Wheelchairs; Stand-up Wheelchairs; Mobile Standing Frames; Stair Climbing; Sports and Alternative Wheelchairs; Racing Wheelchairs; Field Event Chairs; Off-Road Wheelchairs and All-Terrain Vehicles; Beach Wheelchairs; Court Sports Wheelchairs; Lever-Drive Wheelchairs; Arm-Crank Vehicles; Selection of Seat Cushions; Stresses in Seated Tissue; Seating Interface Response; Pressure Measurement Systems; Properties of Pressure Relief Cushions; Computerized Shape Measurement; Specialized Seating Systems; Leg and Foot Supports; Armrests; Pelvic Positioning; Back Supports; Chest Supports; Head Supports; Custom Postural Support Hardware; Principles of Assessment and Intervention; Interview Techniques; Task Analysis; Performance Measurement; Team Assessment; Computerized Assessment; Service Delivery Systems; Funding Considerations; Documentation; Quality Assurance; Wheelchair Maintenance; Wheelchair Adjustments; Seating System Adjustments; Wheelchair Manufacturing and Modifications; User Maintenance; Service Center Maintenance; Appendices: Some Useful Mobility and Seating Definitions; Example Assessment Survey; Example Manual Wheelchair Order Form; Example Power Wheelchair Order Form; Example Seating System Order Form; Example Wheelchair Standards Reporting Form; Partial List of Wheelchair Manufacturers; Partial List of Seating System Manufacturers; Partial List of Consumer and Professional Organizations and Services; United States Research and Training Funding Agencies; Journals and Periodicals Related to Wheelchairs and Seating."Wheelchair Selection and Configuration serves as an excellent resource for those learning about the ins and outs"" of wheelchairs, or as a refresher for those not regularly involved in recommending wheeled mobility."" -- Susan J. Forwell, Senior Instructor Division of Occupational Therapy School of Rehabilitation Sciences""...is an excellent presentation of the various models and uses of many different types of wheelchair. With emphasis on a proper individualized fit, as well as coverage of maintenance issues, it contains everything the rehabilitationist might need to know to assist clients in the successful acquisition and maintenance of any type of wheelchair."" -- National Association of Rehabilitation Professionals in the Private Sector ""This book leaves nothing out. It has been extremely well researched...essential for providers of rehabilitation services... "" -- Physiotherapy"